Moral Authority

A wise man once said:
“After 12 years of the school system teaching us that we evolved from animals, it’s no wonder we behave like them”

It may sound like a humorous sentiment, but the devastation caused by underlying lies planted in our thinking can have quite far reaching effects on our life and perception of moral ethics.

There is a stark contrast in how we will behave towards different situations and others that is directly related to what we believe to be true.

We’ve seen and felt the effects of this truth throughout history on a large scale when men like Adolf Hitler formed his belief around the thinking that “only the strong survive,” It painted a very real but a disastrous and fatal picture in his imagination that those to whom he considered beneath himself, were not worthy of life.

Although many might think of them self as far from reaching the heights of his brutality, the more subtle manifestations caused by the same error in logic is seen even in today’s society in how we interact with one another.

To the Christian, we believe in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ as our moral authority who guides us in the way which is right. He does this through His Holy Spirit living in us, speaking to our consciences and leading us in a way that is pleasing to God.

But if at the very premise of our thinking, we believe that we evolved from animals, well then an alternative premise can end up being the director of our lives:
“monkey see, monkey do”

I’m sure I hardly need to further stress how we see the outworking of this in our culture through the design of fad’s, trends, pride, and what is determined by man to be socially acceptable even to the extent of nullifying the Word of God.

Take the time to deeply consider the following comparison of beliefs at the core level and consider the source of moral ethics and its effects on your life.


Moral Choice

Living in a world that is constantly pulling us in so many different directions, it is my prayer that we would let go of our pursuits for a season, and sit down to consider the Word of God; the Holy Bible for yourselves. Let it wash over your consciences and may the Holy Spirit lead you in the way of life and peace.


All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting, and training in righteousness so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work
2 Timothy 3:16






Self Deceptions: Rich and Nice

Looking at his disciples, he said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God”
Luke 6:20

There are two instances recorded in the Bible of Jesus sayings called “The Beatitudes.” One which states ‘Blessed are the poor in spirit” recorded in Matthew, and one which simply says ‘Blessed are you who are poor,” listed above, each one I believe was perfectly written as such to convey different connotations.

Given the context that carries through chapter 6 in Luke’s Gospel I believe it should be interpreted in the literal sense.

If I may lend a parallel example for clarity:

If someone is said to be “nice”, and that person believes that their ability to be nice is a result of their own doing, not acknowledging that it is God who bestowed upon them the gift of niceness, then that person would have no thankfulness towards God for bestowing a gift of being nice, for they already believe themselves to be nice not realizing that they were simply demonstrating the gift given them by God.

When a person who was bitter or angry then comes to Christ, and as a result of God’s work in their hearts then “becomes nice,” that person’s change is then attributed to God because we can clearly identify the change that has taken place resulting in the new action in their life.

But since Jesus is the one who wrought the change in the bitter and angry heart, then is it not fair to say that it is also Jesus who sustained the “niceness” in the nice person?

The only difference was that one rebelled against niceness and was then transformed, while the other demonstrated a gift given them of niceness yet rebelled in a different way (consequently, probably in acknowledging that the niceness they displayed was in and of themselves, which is now a source of pride)


Jesus also said:

“How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!”
Luke 18:24

Back to the original thought, no doubt he meant the economically rich and economically poor in one sense, but in another sense, the parallel demonstrates with further clarity.



C.S. Lewis wrote in his book called Mere Christianity:

One of the dangers of having a lot of money, is that you may be quite satisfied with the kinds of happiness that money can give, and so fail to realize your need for God. If every thing you need seems to come easily by signing checks, you might forget that at every moment you are totally dependant upon God

Natural gifts carry with them a similar danger. If you have sound nerves and intelligence and health and popularity and a good upbringing, you are likely to be quite satisfied with your character as it is.

“Why drag God into it?” you might ask.

A certain level of good conduct comes quite easily to you. You are not one of those wretched creatures who are always being tripped up by sex, or nervousness, or bad temper.

Everyone tells you “you’re a nice chap!” and just between us, you agree with them

You are quite likely to believe that all this niceness is your own doing. And you may easily not feel the need for any ‘better’ kind of goodness.

Often people who have all these natural kinds of goodness cannot be brought to recognize their need for Christ at all, until, one day their natural goodness lets them down, and their self-satisfaction is shattered.


In other words, “it is hard for those who are rich,” in this sense, to enter the Kingdom of God.


It is very different for the nasty people. The little, low, timid, warped, thin blooded, lonely people, or the passionate, sensual, unbalanced people

If they make any attempt at goodness at all, they learn in double quick time that they need help!


It is Christ or nothing for them.

It is taking up the cross and following, or else, despair.


They are the lost sheep

He came especially to find them


They are, in one very real and very terrible sense: “the poor”

He blessed them

This is the awful set He goes about with


And sure enough the Pharisee’s say still as they did from the first, “if there was anything in Christianity, those people would not be Christians”


There is either a warning or an encouragement here for every one of us.


If you are a nice person; if virtue comes easily to you:


Much is expected to those to whom much is given

If you mistake for your own merits what are really God’s gifts to you through nature, and if you are contented with simply being ‘nice,’ you are still a rebel, and all those gifts will only make your fall more terrible; your corruption more complicated, your bad example more disastrous.

The devil was an archangel once.

His natural gifts are as far above yours as yours are above those of a chimpanzee

But if you are a poor creature – poisoned by some wretched upbringing in a house full of vulgar jealousies and senseless quarrels, saddled by no choice of your own with some loathsome sexual perversion, nagged day in and out by an inferiority complex that makes you snap at your best friends…

Do not despair, He knows all about it.

You are one of the poor that He blessed


He knows what a wretched machine you are trying to drive.

Keep on
Do what you can


One day, perhaps in another world, or perhaps far sooner than that, He will fling it on the scrap heap and give you a new one,

And then you may astonish us all, not in the least, yourself.

For you have learned your driving in a hard school



Some of the last will be first, and some of the first will be last







How Do You Measure Love?

If the whole universe is without any meaning, we should’ve never found out that it is without any meaning
C.S. Lewis


Deep down at the core of every human being we see this flaw in humanity both by looking outwardly at the injustices of the world, (e.g fighting and wars, etc) – from families and relationships to communities right up to nations.

We also see it inwardly as well, for we all eagerly profess that “no one is perfect” to justify our imperfect natures and even more so, would never equate ourselves – while maintaining soundness of mind – to be in any way having attained perfection either

But seldom do we realize that in voicing our view that our world is far from perfection, that we are in essence also suggesting that something within us believes that it should be.

To put it more clearly, by our affirmation that the world is imperfect, we have subconsciously affirmed that a line of perfection by which the current state and condition that our world and even ourselves are in, can be measured by – and we fall short of it.

This fact should stir some very serious thought in the unbeliever about the saving grace offered by Jesus Christ and the Good News of the Gospel

For it is not God, but our own consciences that have condemned us by the knowledge that quite honestly we are far from the perfect state that our perfect God created us to be.

The Christian worldview is the only one that offers both a first cause for this fallen state right at the beginning of creation (see Genesis 3)

And it is only our loving God who sent his only begotten Son to face the penalty that this breach in perfection has afforded all humanity.

Therefore, to reject so great a salvation could only be to our own detriment, for within the perfect love of God, he also offers us the freewill to choose making Himself vulnerable to the fact that humanity that was created in His perfected image and likeness, who has by their own volition fallen from their high position which was in perfect relation with Him, also has the freewill to reject His method of reconciliation, and now seeks their own methods of restoring that breach through what has now come to be known as religion – the effort of man.


The Gospel that was proclaimed from the beginning is something far different in terms of effort for salvation


Whereas religion says:
“You must do… (insert various traditional practices here)”

The Gospel says:
“There is nothing in you that will ever do”


So much so, that God’s only way of reconciling the breach between Himself and man, was to send His Son in the likeness of a man, to pay the penalty that we deserved for our imperfection.

He does for us what we are absolutely incapable of doing for ourselves.

And all this, a free gift that we receive simply by faith!

But why?

It’s because more than mere words, when God says:
“I love you”

He puts action to those words


Biblical Christianity contains the only tangible expression of God’s love for humanity in that the man Jesus Christ, who was God in the flesh, and was an actual man, actually walked the face of the earth, who was born of a virgin, and who lived a sinless life, who actually died on a cross, and who rose from the grave giving truthfulness to His testimony and teaching of who He said He was and every believer claims Him to be:

The Son of God!


Even the most depraved relationships we’ve encountered or heard of where some argument ensued because one person accused the other of “not really loving them.” proves this point.

Usually it is because of what that person “did or didn’t do” that is used as a standard by which they determined whether the mere words held any weight

Which proves to us that deep within us, even we measure love by actions

This also tells us that all forms of religion that lay the claim that their “God is love” would be quite the stretch for anyone to believe if it were expressed merely in words.

In Christianity it has been most beautifully expressed in more than words but also in the action of:

This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins
1 John 4:10


Choose Love

Trust Jesus



The Biblical “Church”


And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.
Matthew 16:18
New King James Version

In Matthew 16:18, the word Jesus used for “church” is ekklesia (Strong’s #1577), and it is so translated in the King James Version 115 times. This Greek word means “an assembly” or “a group of people called together for a purpose.” It contains no implication at all of sacredness or holiness.

In practical usage, it commonly identified people called by a magistrate for a public service of some sort. This is how it is used in

Acts 19:32, 39, and 41:

32- Some therefore cried one thing and some another, for the assembly was confused, and most of them did not know why they had come together. . . .

39 – But if you have any other inquiry to make, it shall be determined in the lawful assembly. . . .

41 – And when he had said these things, he dismissed the assembly.

Each time, ekklesia is translated as “assembly” and names what could easily be described as a mob of excited and confused people. However, the writers of the New Testament clearly agreed this was the word that best fit the groups of Christians called of God for service to Him. How did it come to be translated as “church” when the word “assembly” fits more accurately?

This change apparently has its beginning in another, far different Greek word, kuriakos (Strong’s #2960). Kurios, the Greek word for “Lord,” is easily recognizable as the root of kuriakos, which means “belonging to the Lord.” Curiously, according to Joseph T. Shipley, author of The Origins of English Words, pp. 183-184, the root of kurios and kuriakos literally means “to bend or curve.”

In the course of time, kuriakos was picked up by the Scots as kirk. Shipley shows that kirk and kuriakos share the same root. In the Scottish language, kirk indicates a place or a location, as in a building belonging to the Lord. The kirk became the place where the assembly bent before God in reverence, as in prayer, appealing to Him; or bent looking upward in praise of God; or where God bent in extending mercy.

As more time passed, the English pronunciation of kirk changed to “church.” Thus “church,” which indicates a building, a place where God is worshipped, gradually evolved to include, not just the place, but also the people who worshipped there and the worship services too. The modern English Reader’s Digest Great Encyclopedic Dictionary reflects this in its definitions for church: “1. A building for Christian worship. 2. Regular religious services. 3. A local congregation of Christians.” We regularly use all three in our everyday speech and writing, allowing the context to indicate which is intended.

However, in the Bible the word “church” never refers to a building or to worship services held within the building. It always refers to the assembly, group, or congregation of called-out ones who belong to the Lord Jesus, worship Him, and fellowship with others of the same mind.

— John W. Ritenbaugh
The Berean



The Self Fulfillment Contradiction

I’m absolutely convinced that Satan tried to tempt Jesus by trying to get Him to consider His image and how He could be perceived by others

– Ravi Zacharias


The Tower of Babel

Then they said, “Come let us build ourselves a city with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves….
Genesis 11:4

The Temptation of Jesus in the Wilderness

Again, the devil took him (Jesus) to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor. “All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me”

Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only;”

Then the devil left him, and angels came and attended him.
Matthew 4:8-11


Time and time again, it’s been a common testimony among those who have strived success, that when they finally mounted the pinnacle and topped the ladder to which they set their ambitions, that then, and only then, was the sad reality realized….

Nothing is there.


All the telltale signs from those who have been driven to succeed for their own glory through what was aimed for, yet it still could not fulfill what was desired within – and even worst – these who now serve as societies leading role models. Is it at all a question why today’s generation gets it’s identity by doing the same? We see it in what we wear, where we choose to live, what we drive, who we associate with, where we eat, what we eat, our pursuits of travel – and so forth

C.S Lewis once said:
Hunger is an excellent example, which corresponds to physical need – because it points to physical food

Simone Weil further elaborates:
The danger, isn’t that the soul would doubt whether there is any bread, but lest by a lie, it should persuade itself to think that it is not hungry. It can only persuade itself of this by lying. For the reality of it’s hunger is not a belief – it is a certainty.

There is a longing within all mankind, whether acknowledged or not, and everyone in their own form has sought to his own method to fill this gap

But where does this longing originate?

He has made everything beautiful in it’s time. He has also set eternity in the human heart; yet no one can fathom what God has done from beginning to end
Ecclesiastes 3:11

This scripture tells us in it’s most obvious sense that it is God who has set this longing within us. His very life giving breath in us longs for the substance of eternality- but not so obvious – it also indicates according to scripture that we ought to be careful what we do then find to fill this longing with. This particular verse was written by King Solomon who while in old age reflected back and realized how meaningless all of his pursuits of wisdom, wealth, material substance and pleasure really had been. He later writes of how he never held back himself from any pleasure, and yet all of that too he found to be “vanity, a chasing after the wind”

So why did God put this longing for eternity within us?


His purpose was for the nations to seek after God and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him – though he is not far from any one of us
Acts 17:27

Since God is the only eternal being, and He has placed eternity in the human heart, every temporary/temporal fix will always fall short.

More than religious service, more than ritualistic weekly worship, more than empty and vain pursuit of knowledge, or hollow ideals and pragmatic solutions through philosophy, more than wealth, fame or success could afford – it is the heart that must truly reach out to the eternal God with all that we are – uninhibited and empty of self – to find what is only found by faith in what was accomplished at the cross of Jesus Christ!

The Son of God!

At the cross of Jesus Christ we see:

The Truth about Sin
The Holiness of God
The Righteousness of God
The Sovereignty of God
The Justice of God
The Love of God
The Grace of God
The Truth about God


That’s also why the prophet Jeremiah wrote by inspiration of the Holy Spirit

You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart
Jeremiah 29:13


The cultural revolution that is now taking place in our generation encompasses a new meaning of cultural life.

Trying to seduce mankind into filling themselves with an endless journey of pursuits, most miss the opportunity to ever experience true peace, needed rest, unconditional love, or any real satistying fulfillment.

Instead of the self denial ethic that once ruled our culture, we now find people who refuse to deny themselves anything.

Self fulfillment now means:

having a career,
and marriage,
and children,
and sexual freedom,
and autonomy,
and being liberal,
and having money,
and choosing non-conformity,
and insisting on social justice,
and enjoying city life,
and country living,
and travel,
and a car,
and simplicity,
and graciousness,
and reading,
and good friends,
and on
and on
and on



The injunction that “to find oneself, one must lose oneself” contains a truth, any seeker of self fulfillment seriously needs to consider.

Not finding the fulfillment you thought you’d find in the pursuit of things?

Maybe it’s time to consider a new approach:

Whoever finds their life will lose it, and whoever loses their life for my sake will find it
Matthew 10:39

For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it
Matthew 16:25

Whoever seeks to preserve their life will lose it, but whoever loses his life will keep it
Luke 17:33

For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will save it
Luke 9:24

For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me and for the Gospel will save it
Mark 8:35



Trust Jesus.

Righteousness Revealed Through Faith in Jesus Christ!

“For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God. I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!” You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? Before your very eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed as crucified. I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by believing what you heard? Are you so foolish? After beginning by means of the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by means of the flesh?

Have you experienced so much in vain—if it really was in vain? So again I ask, does God give you his Spirit and work miracles among you by the works of the law, or by your believing what you heard?
Galatians 2:19 – 3:5

When Judiazers came to antioch, Paul and Barnabas stood against their false teachings. Since these false teachers had come from Jerusalem, and also claimed the church in Jerusalem believed as they did, Paul and Barnabas went to Jerusalem to discuss the matter. They met with the inspired apostles and elders who agreed with them that the Gentiles (non-jews) were justified by faith without keeping the Law of Moses. These inspired men wrote a letter to the churches stating this. (Acts 15:1-35)

Judiazers continued to trouble the Lord’s church for many years. Because Paul strongly opposed them, they attacked him. They denied he was really an apostle. They tried to destroy his influence so they could destroy the Gospel he preached
(1 Cor 9:1-4; 2 Cor 10:1-13:6; Galatians 1:6-2:21)


The Mosaic Law
The Law of Moses
The Torah / The Law / The Pentateuch


1.To know there is a GodEx. 20:2

2.Not to even think that there are other gods besides Him — Standard->Ex. 20:3 Yemenite->Ex. 20:2

3.To know that He is OneDeut. 6:4

4.To love HimDeut. 6:5

5.To fear HimDeut. 10:20

6.To sanctify His NameLev. 22:32

7.Not to profane His NameLev. 22:32

8. Not to destroy objects associated with His NameDeut. 12:4

9. To listen to theprophet speaking in His Name — Deut. 18:15

10. Not to try the  LORD unduly —Deut. 6:16

11.To emulate His waysDeut. 28:9

12. To cleave to those who know HimDeut. 10:20

13. To love other JewsLev. 19:18

14. To love convertsDeut. 10:19

15. Not to hate fellow Jews —Lev. 19:17

16. To reprove a sinner — Lev. 19:17

17. Not to embarrass othersLev. 19:17

18. Not to oppress the weak — Ex. 22:21

19. Not to speak derogatorily of othersLev. 19:16

20. Not to take revengeLev. 19:18

21. Not to bear a grudge — Lev. 19:18

22. To learn TorahDeut. 6:7

23. To honor those who teach and know TorahLev. 19:32

24. Not to inquire into idolatryLev. 19:4

25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see — Num. 15:39

26.Not to blasphemeEx. 22:27

27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5

28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5

29. Not to make an idol for yourself — Standard->Ex. 20:5 Yemenite->Ex. 20:4

30. Not to make an idol for othersLev. 19:4

31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes — Standard->Ex. 20:21 Yemenite->Ex. 20:20

32. Not to turn a city to idolatryDeut. 13:14

33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worshipDeut. 13:17

34. Not to rebuild it as a cityDeut. 13:17

35. Not to derive benefit from itDeut. 13:18

36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worshipDeut. 13:12

37. Not to love the idolaterDeut. 13:9

38. Not to cease hating the idolaterDeut. 13:9

39. Not to save the idolaterDeut. 13:9

40. Not to say anything in the idolater’s defenseDeut. 13:9

41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolaterDeut. 13:9

42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatryDeut. 13:14

43. Not to listen to a false prophetDeut. 13:4

44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God — Deut. 18:20

45. Not to be afraid of the false prophetDeut. 18:22

46. Not to swear in the name of an idolEx. 23:13

47. Not to perform ov (medium) — Lev. 19:31

48. Not to perform yidoni (“magical seer”) — Lev. 19:31

49. Not to pass your children through the fire to MolechLev. 18:21

50. Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship — Deut. 16:22

51. Not to bow down before a smooth stone — Lev. 26:1

52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard — Deut. 16:21

53. To destroy idols and their accessoriesDeut. 12:2

54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessoriesDeut. 7:26

55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idolsDeut. 7:25

56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters — Deut. 7:2

57. Not to show favor to them — Deut. 7:2

58. Not to let them dwell in the Land of IsraelEx. 23:33

59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing — Lev. 20:23

60. Not to be superstitiousLev. 19:26

61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. — Deut. 18:10

62. Not to engage in divination or soothsaying — Lev. 19:26

63. Not to mutter incantationsDeut. 18:11

64. Not to attempt to contact the dead — Deut. 18:11

65. Not to consult the ovDeut. 18:11

66. Not to consult the yidoniDeut. 18:11

67. Not to perform acts of magicDeut. 18:10

68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their headLev. 19:27

69. Men must not shave their beards with a razorLev. 19:27

70. Men must not wear women’s clothing — Deut. 22:5

71. Women must not wear men’s clothing — Deut. 22:5

72. Not to tattoo the skinLev. 19:28

73. Not to tear the skin in mourningDeut. 14:1

74. Not to make a bald spot in mourningDeut. 14:1

75. To repent and confess wrongdoingsNum. 5:7

76. To say the Shema twice daily — Deut. 6:7

77. To pray every dayEx. 23:25

78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation dailyNum. 6:23

79. To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the headDeut. 6:8

80. To bind tefillin on the armDeut. 6:8

81. To put a mezuzah on the door postDeut. 6:9

82. Each male must write a Torah scrollDeut. 31:19

83. The king must have a separate Torah scroll for himself — Deut. 17:18

84.To have tzitzit on four-cornered garmentsNum. 15:38

85. To bless the Almighty after eatingDeut. 8:10

86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birthGen. 17:10

87. To rest on the seventh dayEx. 23:12

88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day — Standard->Ex. 20:11 Yemenite->Ex. 20:10

89. The court must not inflict punishment on ShabbatEx. 35:3

90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on ShabbatEx. 16:29

91. To sanctify Shabbat with Kiddush and Havdalah — Standard->Ex. 20:9 Yemenite->Ex. 20:8

92. To rest from prohibited labor on Yom KippurLev. 23:32

93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom KippurLev. 23:32

94. To afflict oneself on Yom KippurLev. 16:29

95. Not to eat or drink on Yom KippurLev. 23:29

96. To rest on the first day of PassoverLev. 23:7

97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of PassoverLev. 23:8

98. To rest on the seventh day of PassoverLev. 23:8

99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of PassoverLev. 23:8

100. To rest on ShavuotLev. 23:21

101. Not to do prohibited labor on ShavuotLev. 23:21

102. To rest on Rosh HashanahLev. 23:24

103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh HashanahLev. 23:25

104. To rest on SukkotLev. 23:35

105. Not to do prohibited labor on SukkotLev. 23:35

106. To rest on Shemini AtzeretLev. 23:36

107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini AtzeretLev. 23:36

108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of NisanDeut. 16:3

109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of NisanEx. 12:15


Not to eat chametz all seven days of PassoverEx. 13:3


Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of PassoverEx. 12:20


Not to see chametz in your domain seven daysEx. 13:7


Not to find chametz in your domain seven daysEx. 12:19


To eat matzah on the first night of PassoverEx. 12:18


To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that nightEx. 13:8


To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah)Num. 9:1


To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of SukkotLev. 23:42


To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven daysLev. 23:40

119. Each man must give a half

shekel annually — Ex. 30:13


Courts must calculate to determine when a new month beginsEx. 12:2


To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamityNum. 10:9


To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushinDeut. 22:13


Not to have sexual relations with women not thus marriedDeut. 23:18


Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wifeEx. 21:10

125. To have children with one’s wife —

Gen. 1:28


To issue a divorce by means of a Get documentDeut. 24:1

127. A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else —

Deut. 24:4


To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one’s childless brother) — Deut. 25:5


To perform halizah (free the widow of one’s childless brother from yibbum) — Deut. 25:9

130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah) —

Deut. 25:5

131. The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden —

Ex. 22:15-16

132. The rapist must marry his victim if she is unwed —

Deut. 22:29

133. He is never allowed to divorce her —

Deut. 22:29

134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife —

Deut. 22:19

135. He must not

divorce her — Deut. 22:19

136. To fulfill the laws of the

SotahNum. 5:30

137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual) —

Num. 5:15

138. Not to put

frankincense on her meal offering (as usual) — Num. 5:15


Not to have sexual relations with your motherLev. 18:7


Not to have sexual relations with your father’s wifeLev. 18:8


Not to have sexual relations with your sisterLev. 18:9


Not to have sexual relations with your father’s wife’s daughterLev. 18:11


Not to have sexual relations with your son’s daughterLev. 18:10


Not to have sexual relations with your daughterLev. 18:10


Not to have sexual relations with your daughter’s daughterLev. 18:10


Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughterLev. 18:17


Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son’s daughterLev. 18:17


Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter’s daughterLev. 18:17


Not to have sexual relations with your father’s sisterLev. 18:12


Not to have sexual relations with your mother’s sisterLev. 18:13


Not to have sexual relations with your father’s brother’s wifeLev. 18:14


Not to have sexual relations with your son’s wifeLev. 18:15


Not to have sexual relations with your brother’s wifeLev. 18:16


Not to have sexual relations with your wife’s sisterLev. 18:18


A man must not have sexual relations with an animalLev. 18:23


A woman must not have sexual relations with an animalLev. 18:23


A man must not have sexual relations with a manLev. 18:22


Not to have sexual relations with your fatherLev. 18:7


Not to have sexual relations with your father’s brotherLev. 18:14


Not to have sexual relations with someone else’s wifeLev. 18:20


Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure womanLev. 18:19


Not to marry non-JewsDeut. 7:3


Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish peopleDeut. 23:4

164. Not to prevent a third-generation

Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:8-9

165. Not to refrain from marrying[

clarification needed] a third generation Edomite convert — Deut. 23:8-9

166. Not to let a

mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:3

167. Not to let a

eunuch marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:2

168. Not to offer to God any

castrated male animals — Lev. 22:24

169. The

High Priest must not marry a widow — Lev. 21:14

170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage —

Lev. 21:15

171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden —

Lev. 21:13

172. A

Kohen (priest) must not marry a divorcee — Lev. 21:7

173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship) —

Lev. 21:7

174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah (“a desecrated person”) (party to or product of 169-172) —

Lev. 21:7


Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden womanLev. 18:6

176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between

kosher and non-kosherLev. 11:2

177. To examine the signs of

fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Deut. 14:11

178. To examine the signs of

fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:9

179. To examine the signs of

locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:21


Not to eat non-kosher animalsLev. 11:4


Not to eat non-kosher fowlLev. 11:13


Not to eat non-kosher fishLev. 11:11


Not to eat non-kosher flying insectsDeut. 14:19


Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on landLev. 11:41


Not to eat non-kosher maggotsLev. 11:44


Not to eat worms found in fruit on the groundLev. 11:42


Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fishLev. 11:43


Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughterDeut. 14:21

189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned —

Ex. 21:2

190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded —

Ex. 22:30

191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature —

Deut. 12:23

192. Not to eat blood —

Lev. 3:17

193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals —

Lev. 3:17

194. Not to eat the

sinew of the thighGen. 32:33


Not to eat mixtures of milk and meat cooked together — Ex. 23:19


Not to cook meat and milk togetherEx. 34:26


Not to eat bread from new grain before the OmerLev. 23:14

198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the

OmerLev. 23:14

199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer —

Lev. 23:14


Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three yearsLev. 19:23


Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyardDeut. 22:9

202. Not to eat un

tithed fruits — Lev. 22:15


Not to drink wine poured in service to idolsDeut. 32:38


To ritually slaughter an animal before eating itDeut. 12:21

205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day —

Lev. 22:28

206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth —

Lev. 17:13

207. To send away the mother bird before taking its children —

Deut. 22:6

208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest —

Deut. 22:7

209. Not to swear falsely in God’s Name —

Lev. 19:12

210. Not to take God’s Name in vain — Standard->

Ex. 20:7 Yemenite->Ex. 20:6

211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you —

Lev. 19:11

212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim —

Lev. 19:11

213. To swear in God’s Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court —

Deut. 10:20

214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed —

Deut. 23:24

215. Not to break

oaths or vowsNum. 30:3

216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah —

Num. 30:3


The Nazirite must let his hair growNum. 6:5


He must not cut his hairNum. 6:5


He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegarNum. 6:3


He must not eat fresh grapesNum. 6:3


He must not eat raisinsNum. 6:3


He must not eat grape seedsNum. 6:4


He must not eat grape skinsNum. 6:4


He must not be under the same roof as a corpseNum. 6:6


He must not come into contact with the deadNum. 6:7


He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite periodNum. 6:9

227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah —

Lev. 27:2

228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals —

Lev. 27:12-13

229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses —

Lev. 27:14

230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields —

Lev. 27:16

231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) —

Lev. 27:28

232. Not to sell the cherem

Lev. 27:28

233. Not to redeem the cherem

Lev. 27:28


Not to plant diverse seeds togetherLev. 19:19

235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard —

Deut. 22:9

236. Not to crossbreed animals —

Lev. 19:19

237. Not to work different animals together —

Deut. 22:10

238. Not to wear

shaatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen — Deut. 22:11


To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poorLev. 19:10

240. Not to reap that corner —

Lev. 19:9

241. To leave

gleaningsLev. 19:9

242. Not to gather the

gleaningsLev. 19:9

243. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes —

Lev. 19:10

244. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes —

Lev. 19:10

245. To leave the

gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10

246. Not to gather the

gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10

247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field —

Deut. 24:19

248. Not to retrieve them —

Deut. 24:19

249. To separate the “tithe for the poor” —

Deut. 14:28

250. To give

charityDeut. 15:8

251. Not to withhold charity from the poor —

Deut. 15:7

252. To set aside Terumah (heave offering) Gedolah (gift for the Kohen) —

Deut. 18:4

253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe —

Num. 18:26

254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order —

Ex. 22:28

255. A non-Kohen must not eat

TerumahLev. 22:10

256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah

Lev. 22:10

257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Terumah

Ex. 12:48

258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah

Lev. 22:4

259. A chalalah (party to #s 169-172 above) must not eat Terumah

Lev. 22:12

260. To set aside Ma’aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite —

Num. 18:24

261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma’aser Sheni) —

Deut. 14:22

262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment —

Deut. 26:14

263. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni while impure —

Deut. 26:14

264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma’aser Sheni

Deut. 26:14

265. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem —

Deut. 12:17

266. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem —

Deut. 12:17

267. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem —

Deut. 12:17

268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma’aser Sheni

Lev. 19:24

269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year —

Deut. 26:13

270. To set aside the

first fruits and bring them to the Temple — Ex. 23:19

271. The

Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside JerusalemDeut. 12:17

272. To read the

Torah portion pertaining to their presentation — Deut. 26:5

273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen

Num. 15:20

274. To give the foreleg, two cheeks, and abomasum of slaughtered animals to a Kohen

Deut. 18:3

275. To give the first shearing of sheep to a Kohen

Deut. 18:4


To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a KohenNum. 18:15

277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen

Ex. 13:13

278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it —

Ex. 13:13

279. To rest the land during the

seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth — Ex. 34:21

280. Not to work the land during the seventh year —

Lev. 25:4

281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year —

Lev. 25:4

282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner —

Lev. 25:5

283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way —

Lev. 25:5

284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year —

Ex. 23:11

285. To release all loans during the seventh year —

Deut. 15:2

286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower —

Deut. 15:2

287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss —

Deut. 15:9

288. The

Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years — Lev. 25:8

289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year —

Lev. 25:10

290. To blow the

Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slavesLev. 25:9

291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (

Jubilee) — Lev. 25:11

292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year —

Lev. 25:11

293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year —

Lev. 25:11

294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties —

Lev. 25:24

295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely —

Lev. 25:23

296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities —

Lev. 25:29

297. The

Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in — Deut. 18:1

298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war —

Deut. 18:1

299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields —

Num. 35:2

300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites’ before and after the Jubilee year —

Lev. 25:34

301. To build a

TempleEx. 25:8

302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal — Standard->

Ex. 20:24 Yemenite->Ex. 20:23

303. Not to climb steps to the altar — Standard->

Ex. 20:27 Yemenite->Ex. 20:26

304. To show reverence to the Temple —

Lev. 19:30

305. To guard the Temple area —

Num. 18:2

306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded —

Num. 18:5

307. To prepare the anointing oil —

Ex. 30:31

308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil —

Ex. 30:32

309. Not to anoint with anointing oil —

Ex. 30:32

310. Not to reproduce the incense formula —

Ex. 30:37

311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides

incenseEx. 30:9

312. The Levites must transport the

ark on their shoulders — Num. 7:9

313. Not to remove the staves from the ark —

Ex. 25:15

314. The Levites must work in the Temple —

Num. 18:23

315. No Levite must do another’s work of either a Kohen or a Levite —

Num. 18:3

316. To dedicate the Kohen for service —

Lev. 21:8

317. The work of the Kohanim’s shifts must be equal during holidays —

Deut. 18:6-8

318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service —

Ex. 28:2

319. Not to tear the priestly garments —

Ex. 28:32

320. The Kohen Gadol ‘s (High Priest) breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod

Ex. 28:28

321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated —

Lev. 10:9

322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with his head uncovered —

Lev. 10:6

323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes —

Lev. 10:6

324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately —

Lev. 16:2

325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service —

Lev. 10:7

326. To send the impure from the Temple —

Num. 5:2

327. Impure people must not enter the Temple —

Num. 5:3

328. Impure people must not enter the

Temple Mount area — Deut. 23:11

329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple —

Lev. 22:2

330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service —

Lev. 22:7

331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service —

Ex. 30:19

332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar —

Lev. 21:23

333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve —

Lev. 21:17

334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve —

Lev. 21:17

335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve —

Num. 18:4

336. To offer only unblemished animals —

Lev. 22:21

337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar —

Lev. 22:20

338. Not to slaughter it —

Lev. 22:22

339. Not to sprinkle its blood —

Lev. 22:24

340. Not to burn its fat —

Lev. 22:22

341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal —

Deut. 17:1

342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews —

Lev. 22:25

343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals —

Lev. 22:21

344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified —

Deut. 12:15

345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old —

Lev. 22:27

346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog. Some interpret “exchange for a dog” as referring to wage of a male prostitute.

[10][11]Deut. 23:19

347. Not to burn

honey or yeast on the altar — Lev. 2:11

348. To salt all sacrifices —

Lev. 2:13

349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices —

Lev. 2:13

350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah —

Lev. 1:3

351. Not to eat its meat —

Deut. 12:17

352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering —

Lev. 6:18

353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering —

Lev. 6:23

354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering —

Lev. 5:8

355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering —

Lev. 7:1

356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple —

Ex. 29:33

357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard —

Deut. 12:17

358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat —

Ex. 29:33

359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering —

Lev. 7:11

360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood —

Deut. 12:17

361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah —

Lev. 2:1

362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers —

Lev. 5:11

363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers —

Lev. 3:11

364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest —

Lev. 6:16

365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread —

Lev. 6:10

366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings —

Lev. 6:9

367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival —

Deut. 12:5-6

368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow —

Deut. 23:22

369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple —

Deut. 12:11

370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple —

Deut. 12:26

371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard —

Lev. 17:4

372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard —

Deut. 12:13

373. To offer two lambs every day —

Num. 28:3

374. To light a fire on the altar every day —

Lev. 6:6

375. Not to extinguish this fire —

Lev. 6:6

376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day —

Lev. 6:3

377. To burn incense every day —

Ex. 30:7

378. To light the

Menorah every day — Ex. 27:21

379. The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day —

Lev. 6:13

380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on

ShabbatNum. 28:9

381. To make the show bread —

Ex. 25:30

382. To bring additional offerings on

Rosh Chodesh (” The New Month”) — Num. 28:11

383. To bring additional offerings on

PassoverNum. 28:19

384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat —

Lev. 23:10

385. Each man must

count the Omer – seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought — Lev. 23:15

386. To bring additional offerings on

ShavuotNum. 28:26

387. To bring two loaves to accompany the above sacrifice —

Lev. 23:17

388. To bring additional offerings on

Rosh HashanaNum. 29:2

389. To bring additional offerings on

Yom KippurNum. 29:8

390. To bring additional offerings on

SukkotNum. 29:13

391. To bring additional offerings on

Shmini AtzeretNum. 29:35

392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished —

Deut. 14:3

393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions —

Lev. 7:18

394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them —

Lev. 22:30

395. Not to eat from that which was left over —

Lev. 19:8

396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure —

Lev. 7:19

397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices —

Lev. 7:20

398. To burn the leftover sacrifices —

Lev. 7:17

399. To burn all impure sacrifices —

Lev. 7:19

400. To follow the procedure of

Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot (“After the death of Aaron’s sons…”) — Lev. 16:3

401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice —

Lev. 5:16

402. Not to work

consecrated animals — Deut. 15:19

403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals —

Deut. 15:19

404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time —

Ex. 12:6

405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven —

Ex. 23:18

406. Not to leave the fat overnight —

Ex. 23:18

407. To slaughter the second

Paschal LambNum. 9:11

408. To eat the Paschal Lamb with

matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of NisanEx. 12:8

409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of

IyarNum. 9:11

410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled —

Ex. 12:9

411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group —

Ex. 12:46

412. An

apostate must not eat from it — Ex. 12:43

413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it —

Ex. 12:45

414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it —

Ex. 12:48

415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering —

Ex. 12:46 Ps. 34:20

416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering —

Num. 9:12

417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning —

Ex. 12:10

418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning —

Num. 9:12

419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th —

Deut. 16:4

420. To be seen at the Temple on

Passover, Shavuot, and SukkotDeut. 16:16

421. To celebrate on these

three Festivals (bring a peace offering) — Ex. 23:14

422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) —

Deut. 16:14

423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings —

Deut. 16:16

424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites —

Deut. 12:19

425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year —

Deut. 31:12

426. To set aside the firstborn animals —

Ex. 13:12

427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem —

Deut. 12:17

428. Not to redeem the firstborn —

Num. 18:17

429. Separate the tithe from animals —

Lev. 27:32

430. Not to redeem the tithe —

Lev. 27:33

431. Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression —

Lev. 4:27

432. Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt —

Lev. 5:17-18

433. Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained —

Lev. 5:25

434. Bring an oleh v’yored (temple offering)(if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) —

Lev. 5:7-11

435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error —

Lev. 4:13

436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the

MikvehLev. 15:28-29

437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the

MikvehLev. 12:6

438. A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh —

Lev. 15:13-14

439. A

metzora (one having a skin disease) must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the MikvehLev. 14:10

440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice —

Lev. 27:10

441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration —

Lev. 27:10

442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another —

Lev. 27:26

443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead —

Num. 19:14

444. Carry out the procedure of the

Red Heifer (Para Aduma) — Num. 19:2

445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water —

Num. 19:21

446. Rule the laws of human

tzara’at as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 13:12

447. The

metzora must not remove his signs of impurity — Deut. 24:8

448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair —

Lev. 13:33

449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips —

Lev. 13:45

450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora

Lev. 14:2

451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification —

Lev. 14:9

452. Carry out the laws of

tzara’at of clothing — Lev. 13:47

453. Carry out the laws of tzara’at of houses —

Lev. 13:34

454. Observe the laws of

menstrual impurityLev. 15:19

455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by

childbirthLev. 12:2

456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman’s

running issueLev. 15:25

457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man’s

running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen) — Lev. 15:3

458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast —

Lev. 11:39

459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects) —

Lev. 11:29

460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal

semen) — Lev. 15:16

461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods —

Lev. 11:34

462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a

Mikvah to become pure — Lev. 15:16

463. The court must judge the

damages incurred by a goring ox — Ex. 21:28

464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating —

Ex. 22:4

465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit —

Ex. 21:33

466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire —

Ex. 22:5

467. Not to steal money stealthily —

Lev. 19:11

468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief —

Ex. 21:37

469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate —

Lev. 19:36

470. Not to commit injustice with

scales and weightsLev. 19:35

471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use —

Deut. 25:13

472. Not to move a

boundary marker to steal someone’s property — Deut. 19:14

473. Not to kidnap — Standard->

Ex. 20:14 Yemenite->Ex. 20:13

474. Not to rob openly —

Lev. 19:13

475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt —

Lev. 19:13

476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another’s possession — Standard->

Ex. 20:15 Yemenite->Ex. 20:14

477. Not to desire another’s possession — Standard->

Deut. 5:19 Yemenite->Deut. 5:18

478. Return the robbed object or its value —

Lev. 5:23

479. Not to ignore a lost object —

Deut. 22:3

480. Return the lost object —

Deut. 22:1

481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another’s property —

Ex. 21:18

482. Not to murder — Standard->

Ex. 20:13 Yemenite->Ex. 20:12

483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer —

Num. 35:31

484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a

city of refugeNum. 35:25

485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge —

Num. 35:32

486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial —

Num. 35:12

487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer —

Deut. 25:12

488. Not to pity the pursuer —

Num. 35:12

489. Not to stand idly by if someone’s life is in danger —

Lev. 19:16

490. Designate

cities of refuge and prepare routes of access — Deut. 19:3

491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder —

Deut. 21:4

492. Not to work nor plant that river valley —

Deut. 21:4

493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property —

Deut. 22:8

494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs —

Deut. 22:8

495. Not to put a

stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) — Lev. 19:14

496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it —

Ex. 23:5

497. Help others load their beast —

Deut. 22:4

498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) —

Deut. 22:4

499. Conduct sales according to Torah law —

Lev. 25:14

500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article —

Lev. 25:14

501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words —

Lev. 25:17

502. Not to cheat a convert monetarily —

Ex. 22:20

503. Not to insult or harm a convert with words —

Ex. 22:20

504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws —

Ex. 21:2

505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold —

Lev. 25:42

506. Not to work him oppressively —

Lev. 25:43

507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively —

Lev. 25:53

508. Not to have him do menial slave labor —

Lev. 25:39

509. Give him gifts when he goes free —

Deut. 15:14

510. Not to send him away empty-handed —

Deut. 15:13

511. Redeem Jewish maidservants —

Ex. 21:8

512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant —

Ex. 21:8

513. The master must not sell his maidservant —

Ex. 21:8


Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs — Lev. 25:46

515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel —

Deut. 23:16

516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge —

Deut. 23:16

517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard —

Ex. 22:9

518. Pay wages on the day they were earned —

Deut. 24:15

519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time —

Lev. 19:13

520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works —

Deut. 23:25

521. The worker must not eat while on hired time —

Deut. 23:26

522. The worker must not take more than he can eat —

Deut. 23:25

523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing —

Deut. 25:4

524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower —

Ex. 22:13

525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard —

Ex. 22:6

526. Lend to the poor and destitute —

Ex. 22:24

527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don’t have it —

Ex. 22:24

528. Press the idolater for payment —

Deut. 15:3

529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral —

Deut. 24:10

530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed —

Deut. 24:13

531. Not to delay its return when needed —

Deut. 24:12

532. Not to demand collateral from a widow —

Deut. 24:17

533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food —

Deut. 24:6

534. Not to lend with interest —

Lev. 25:37

535. Not to borrow with interest —

Deut. 23:20

536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note —

Ex. 22:24

537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest —

Deut. 23:21

538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier —

Ex. 22:8

539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance —

Num. 27:8

540. Appoint judges —

Deut. 16:18

541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure —

Deut. 1:17

542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement —

Ex. 23:2

543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required —

Ex. 23:2

544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases —

Deut. 23:2

545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning —

Deut. 22:24

546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning —

Lev. 20:14

547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword —

Ex. 21:20

548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation —

Lev. 20:10

549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry —

Deut. 21:22

550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed —

Deut. 21:23

551. Not to delay burial overnight —

Deut. 21:23

552. The court must not let the sorcerer live —

Ex. 22:17

553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer —

Deut. 25:2

554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes —

Deut. 25:3

555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence —

Ex. 23:7

556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime —

Deut. 22:26

557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial —

Deut. 19:13

558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial —

Lev. 19:15

559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial —

Lev. 19:15

560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor —

Ex. 23:6

561. A judge must not pervert justice —

Lev. 19:15

562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan —

Deut. 24:17

563. Judge righteously —

Lev. 19:15

564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment —

Deut. 1:17

565. Judges must not accept bribes —

Ex. 23:8

566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present —

Ex. 23:1

567. Not to curse judges —

Ex. 22:27

568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin —

Ex. 22:27

569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew —

Lev. 19:14

570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court —

Lev. 5:1

571. Carefully interrogate the witness —

Deut. 13:15

572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes —

Deut. 19:17

573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness —

Deut. 19:15

574. Transgressors must not testify —

Ex. 23:1

575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify —

Deut. 24:16

576. Not to testify falsely — Standard->

Ex. 20:14 Yemenite->Ex. 20:13

577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant —

Deut. 19:19

578. Act according to the ruling of the

SanhedrinDeut. 17:11

579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin —

Deut. 17:11

580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations —

Deut. 13:1

581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part —

Deut. 13:1

582. Not to curse your father and mother —

Ex. 21:17

583. Not to strike your father and mother —

Ex. 21:15


Respect your father or mother — Standard->Ex. 20:13 Yemenite->Ex. 20:12


Fear your mother or fatherLev. 19:3

586. Not to be a rebellious son —

Deut. 21:18


Mourn for relativesLev. 10:19

588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative —

Lev. 21:11

589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse —

Lev. 21:11

590. A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives —

Lev. 21:1

591. Appoint a king from Israel —

Deut. 17:15

592. Not to appoint a foreigner —

Deut. 17:15

593. The king must not have too many wives —

Deut. 17:17

594. The king must not have too many horses —

Deut. 17:16

595. The king must not have too much silver and gold —

Deut. 17:17

596. Destroy the seven

Canaanite nations — Deut. 20:17

597. Not to let any of them remain alive —

Deut. 20:16

598. Wipe out the descendants of

AmalekDeut. 25:19

599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people —

Deut. 25:17

600. Not to forget Amalek’s atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert —

Deut. 25:19

601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt —

Deut. 17:16

602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms —

Deut. 20:10

603. Not to offer peace to

Ammon and Moab while besieging them — Deut. 23:7

604. Not to destroy food trees even during the siege —

Deut. 20:19

605. Prepare latrines outside the camps —

Deut. 23:13

606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with —

Deut. 23:14

607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war —

Deut. 20:2

608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions —

Deut. 24:5

609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military —

Deut. 24:5

610. Not to panic and retreat during battle —

Deut. 20:3

611. Keep the laws of the captive woman —Deut. 21:11

612. Not to sell her into slavery —Deut. 21:14

613. Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her —Deut. 21:14



Tell me, you who want to be under the law, are you not aware of what the law says? For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman. His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.

These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. For it is written:

“Be glad, barren woman,
you who never bore a child;
shout for joy and cry aloud,
you who were never in labor;
because more are the children of the desolate woman
than of her who has a husband.”


Galatians 4:21-31




Trust Jesus






The Rock of My Salvation

  • This was a conversation that happened and was recorded between the U.S Navy and Canadians from 1995

  • Canadian:

    Please divert your course fifteen degrees to the south to avoid collision

    U.S. Navy:
    We recommend you divert your course fifteen degrees to the north to avoid collision

    Negative, you will have to divert your course fifteen degrees to the south to avoid collision

    U.S Navy:
    This is the Captain of a U.S Navy ship, I say again divert your course

    No, I say again, you divert your course!

    U.S Navy:
    This is the aircraft carrier of the U.S. Lincoln, second largest ship in the United States Atlantic Fleet. We are accompanied by three destroyers, three cruisers, numerous support vessels. I demand that you change your course fifteen degrees north to avoid collision. I say again, that’s one-five degrees north, or counter measures will be undertaken to ensure the safety of this ship.

    This is a lighthouse, your call.

    (The navy denies up to today that this conversation ever took place)


    People in Judah know God;
    His fame is great in Israel.
    His Tent is in Jerusalem;

    his home is on Mount Zion.
    There God broke the flaming arrows,

    the shields, the swords, and the weapons of war.

    God, how wonderful you are!
    You are more splendid than the hills full of animals.
    The brave soldiers were stripped

    as they lay asleep in death.
    Not one warrior
    had the strength to stop it.
    God of Jacob, when you spoke strongly,

    horses and riders fell dead.
    You are feared;

    no one can stand against you when you are angry.
    From heaven you gave the decision,

    and the earth was afraid and silent.
    God, you stood up to judge

    and to save the needy people of the earth.

    People praise you for your anger against evil.
    Those who live through your anger are stopped from doing more evil.

    Make and keep your promises to the Lord your God.
    From all around, gifts should come to the God we worship.
    God breaks the spirits of great leaders;

    the kings on earth fear him
    Psalm 76