The Screwtape Letters – C.S Lewis Narrative Doodle

 Narrative Doodle of C.S Lewis’s
Screwtape Letters

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3MWVMKKY3A

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin. 

Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. Yet you are looking for a way to kill me, because you have no room for my word. I am telling you what I have seen in the Father’s presence, and you are doing what you have heard from your father.” 

“Abraham is our father,” they answered.

“If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would do what Abraham did. As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things. You are doing the works of your own father.”

“We are not illegitimate children,” they protested.

“The only Father we have is God himself.” Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? Whoever belongs to God hears what God says.The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”
John 8:34-47

Can You Lead A Good Life Apart From Christianity?

My argument against God was that the universe seemed so cruel and unjust. But how had I got this idea of just and unjust? A man does not call a line crooked unless he has some idea of a straight line. What was I comparing this universe with when I called it unjust? – Mere Christianity – C.S.Lewis

I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.’ That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic — on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg — or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to. – Mere Christianity, pages 40-41.

 

 

Man or Rabbit?

 

By C.S. Lewis
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9fR1vSxNEQ

 

Complete List of Biblical Names & Meanings

AARON   Ααρων   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן (‘Aharon) which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as “high mountain” or “exalted”. In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses and the first high priest of the Israelites. He acted as a spokesman for his brother, and carried a miraculous rod. As an English name, Aaron has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

ABACUC   m   Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of HABAKKUK

ABADDON   אֲבַדּוֹן   m   Biblical
Means “ruin, destruction” in Hebrew. In Revelation in the New Testament this is another name of the angel of the abyss.

ABDIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Form of OBADIAH used in the Latin Old Testament.

ABDIOU   Αβδιου   m   Biblical Greek
Form of OBADIAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

ABEDNEGO   עֲבֵד־נְגוֹ   m   Biblical
Means “servant of Nebo” in Akkadian, Nebo being the Babylonian god of wisdom. In the Old Testament, Abednego is the Babylonian name given to Azariah, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God.

ABEL   Αβελ   m   English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name הֶבֶל (Hevel) or הָבֶל (Havel) which meant “breath”. In the Old Testament he is the second son of Adam and Eve, murdered out of envy by his brother Cain. In England, this name came into use during the Middle Ages, and it was common during the Puritan era.

ABENNER   Αβεννηρ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of ABNER

ABESSA   Αβεσσα   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of ABISHAI

ABESSALOM   Αβεσσαλωμ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of ABSALOM

ABIA   Αβια   m & f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek and Latin form of ‘AVIYAH

ABIAH   אֲבִיָה   m & f   Biblical
Variant of ABIJAH which also appears in the English Bible.

ABIDAN   Αβιδαν   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “my father is judge” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a Benjamite prince.

ABIEL   אֲבִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God is my father” in Hebrew. This was the name of the grandfather of Saul in the Old Testament.

ABIGAIA   Αβιγαια   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ABIGAIL

ABIGAIL   אֲבִיגַיִל   f   English, German, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֲבִיגָיִל (‘Avigayil) meaning “my father is joy”. In the Old Testament this is the name of Nabal’s wife. After Nabal’s death she became the third wife of King David. As an English name, Abigail first became common after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans. Some time after the release of the play ‘The Scornful Lady’ (1616), which featured a character named Abigail, the name became a slang term for a servant, and it grew less common. It was revived in the 20th century.

ABIHU   אֲבִיהוּא   m   Biblical
Means “he is my father” in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron in the Old Testament. He and his brother Nadab were killed by God because they presented him with unauthorized fire.

ABIJAH   אֲבִיָה   m & f   Biblical
Means “my father is YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of several characters, both male and female, including the second king of Judah.

ABILENE   f   Biblical
From a place name mentioned briefly in the New Testament. It possibly means “grass” in Hebrew.

ABIMAEL   אֲבִימָאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “my father is God” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is listed as a descendent of Shem.

ABIMELECH   אֲבִימֶלֶך   m   Biblical
Means “my father is king” in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament including a king of Gerar who takes Abraham’s wife Sarah, but is forced by God to give her back.

ABIRAM   אֲבִירָם   m   Biblical
Means “my father is exalted” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abiram is swallowed by an earthquake after rebelling against the leadership of Moses.

ABISAI   m   Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of ABISHAI

ABISHAG   אֲבִישַׁג   f   Biblical
Means “my father strays” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is a young woman who tends King David in his old age.

ABISHAI   אֲבִישַׁי   m   Biblical
Means “my father is a gift” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of King David’s heroes.

ABITAL   אֲבִיטָל   f   Biblical
Means “my father is the night dew” in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David in the Old Testament.

ABNER   אַבְנֵר   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “my father is a light” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul and the commander of his army. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.

ABRAAM   Αβρααμ   m   Biblical Greek, Georgian
Biblical Greek form of ABRAHAM, as well as a Georgian form.

ABRAHAM   אַבְרָהָם   m   English, Hebrew, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning “father of many” in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1) and הָמוֹן (hamon) “many, multitude”. The biblical Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5). He led his followers from Ur into Canaan, and is regarded by the Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac and by the Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael. As an English Christian name, Abraham became common after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), the American president during the Civil War.

ABRAM (1)   אַבְרָם   m   English, Biblical
Means “high father” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament God changed Abram’s name to Abraham (see Genesis 17:5).

ABSALOM   אַבְשָׁלוֹם   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אַבְשָׁלוֹם (‘Avshalom) which meant “my father is peace”. In the Old Testament he is a son of King David who leads a revolt against his father. While fleeing on the back of a mule he got his head caught in a tree and was killed by Joab.

ACHAAB   Αχααβ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of AHAB

ACHAB   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of AHAB used in some versions of the Vulgate.

ACHAICUS   Αχαικος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Αχαικος (Achaikos), which referred to the region in Greece called Αχαια (Achaia), situated on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. In the New Testament this is the name of a Corinthian Christian who aids Saint Paul.

ACHAIKOS   Αχαικος   m   Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ACHAICUS

ACHAN   עָכָן   m   Biblical
Possibly a variation of the Hebrew word עֲכָר (‘akhar) meaning “trouble”. In the Old Testament, Achan is stoned to death because he steals forbidden items during the assault on Jericho.

‘ACH’AV   אַחְאָב   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of AHAB

ACHIM (2)   m   Biblical
Possibly means “he will establish” in Hebrew. In the New Testament this name is listed as an ancestor of Jesus.

ACHINOAM   אֲחִינֹעַם   f   Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of AHINOAM

ADAH   עָדָה   f   Biblical
Means “adornment” in Hebrew. This was the name of the wives of both Lamech and Esau in the Old Testament.

ADALIA   אֲדַלְיָא   m   Biblical
Possibly means “YAHWEH is just” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Haman.

‘ADALYA’   אֲדַלְיָא   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ADALIA

ADAM   Αδαμ   m   English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for “man”. It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם (‘adam) meaning “to be red”, referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu meaning “to make”. According to Genesis in the Old Testament Adam was created from the earth by God (there is a word play on Hebrew אֲדָמָה (‘adamah) “earth”). He and Eve were supposedly the first humans, living happily in the Garden of Eden until Adam ate a forbidden fruit given to him by Eve. As an English Christian name, Adam has been common since the Middle Ages, and it received a boost after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).

ADAMU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ADAM

ADINA (1)   עֲדִינָא   m   Biblical
Possibly related to Hebrew עֲדִינָא (‘adina’) “slender, delicate”. This is the name of a soldier in the Old Testament.

‘ADINAH   עֲדִינָא   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ADINA (1)

ADINO   עֲדִינוֹ   m   Biblical
Means “ornament” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David’s mighty men.

ADLAI   עַדְלָי   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Contracted form of ADALIA. This is the name of the father of one of King David’s herdsmen in the Old Testament.

ADONIJAH   אֲדֹנִיָה   m   Biblical
Means “my lord is YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This is the name of one of King David’s sons in the Old Testament.

ADONIRAM   אֲדֹנִירָם   m   Biblical
Means “my lord is exalted” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of an overseer of tribute under the kings David, Solomon and Rehoboam. He was stoned to death when the Israelites revolted.

‘ADONIYAH   אֲדֹנִיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ADONIJAH

AGAR   Αγαρ   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of HAGAR used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

AGRIPPA   m & f   Ancient Roman, Biblical
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning, possibly from Greek αγριος (agrios) “wild” and ‘ιππος (hippos) “horse” or possibly of Etruscan origin. In the New Testament this name was borne by Herod Agrippa (a grandson of Herod the Great), the king of Israel who put the apostle James to death. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.

AHAB   אַחְאָב   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “uncle”, from Hebrew אָח (‘ach) “brother” and אֲב (‘av) “father”. This was the name of a king of Israel in the Old Testament, the husband of Jezebel. This name was later used by Herman Melville in his novel ‘Moby-Dick’ (1851).

AHARON   אַהֲרֹן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of AARON

AHINOAM   אֲחִינֹעַם   f   Biblical
Means “my brother is pleasant” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of wives of both Saul and David.

AHOTH   m   Biblical Latin
Form of EHUD used in the Latin Old Testament.

AITHAN   Αιθαν   m   Biblical Greek
Form of ETHAN used in the Greek Old Testament.

ALEXANDER   Αλεξανδρος   m   English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant “defending men” from Greek αλεξω (alexo) “to defend, help” and ανηρ (aner) “man” (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe. The name has been used by kings of Scotland, Poland and Yugoslavia, emperors of Russia, and eight popes. Other notable bearers include English poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), American statesman Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Scottish-Canadian explorer Sir Alexander MacKenzie (1764-1820), Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), and Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor of the telephone.

ALEXANDROS   Αλεξανδρος   m   Greek, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Ancient and modern Greek form of ALEXANDER

ALLON   אַלּוֹן   m   Biblical
Means “oak” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.

ALPHAEUS   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Αλφαιος (Alphaios), the Greek form of a Hebrew name that meant “changing”. In the New Testament this is the name of the fathers of the apostles James and Levi.

ALPHAIOS   Αλφαιος   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ALPHAEUS

ALVAH   עַלְוָה   m   Biblical
Means “his highness” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendent of Esau.

AMAL (2)   עָמָל   m   Biblical
Means “work” in Hebrew. This was the name of an Asherite in the Old Testament.

AMARIAH   אֲמַרְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has said” in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.

‘AMARYAHU   אֲמַרְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of AMARIAH

AMBAKOUM   Αμβακουμ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of HABAKKUK

AMBRAM   Αμβραμ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of AMRAM

AMI (1)   אָמִי   m   Biblical
Means “trustworthy, reliable” in Hebrew. This was the name of a servant of King Solomon in the Old Testament.

AMITTAI   אֲמִתַּי   m   Biblical
Means “my truth” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of the prophet Jonah.

AMMIEL   עַמִּיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God is my kinsman” in Hebrew. This is the name of one of the spies sent out by Moses in the Old Testament.

AMNON   אַמְנוֹן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means “faithful” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the eldest son of King David. He was killed by his brother Absalom in revenge for the rape of his sister Tamar.

AMOS   Αμως   m   English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means “carried” in Hebrew. Amos is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Amos, the oldest of the prophetic books. As an English name, Amos has been used since the Protestant Reformation, and was popular among the Puritans.

AMRAM   עַמְרָם   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Hebrew
Means “exalted nation” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Amram is the father of Moses.

ANAH   עֲנָה   f & m   Biblical
Means “answer” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name belongs to one female character and two male characters.

ANAIAH   עֲנָיָה   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “YAHWEH answers” in Hebrew. This was the name of a minor character in the Old Testament.

ANAN (2)   עָנָן   m   Biblical
Means “cloud” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned very briefly in the Old Testament.

ANANI   עֲנָנִי   m   Biblical
Means “my cloud” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendent of King David.

ANANIAS   ‘Ανανιας   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
From ‘Ανανιας (Hananias), the Greek form of HANANIAH. In Acts in the New Testament this is the name of three characters: a disciple in Damascus, the husband of Sapphira, and the high priest of the Jews who tries Paul.

ANAT (2)   עַנָת   f & m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ANATH (1). In modern times it is often used as a feminine name.

ANATH (1)   Αναθ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “answer” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Shamgar.

ANDREAS   Ανδρεας, Ανδριας   m   German, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Welsh, Ancient Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek and Latin form of ANDREW. It is also the form used in modern Greek, German and Welsh.

ANDREI   m   Romanian, Russian, Bulgarian, Old Church Slavic
Romanian form of ANDREW, and a variant Russian and Bulgarian transcription of ANDREY.

ANDREW   m   English, Biblical
From the Greek name Ανδρεας (Andreas), which was derived from ανηρ (aner) “man” (genitive ανδρος (andros) “of a man”). In the New Testament the apostle Andrew, the first disciple to join Jesus, is the brother of Simon Peter. According to tradition, he later preached in the Black Sea region, with some legends saying he was crucified on an X-shaped cross. Andrew, being a Greek name, was probably only a nickname or a translation of his real Hebrew name, which is not known. This name has been common (in various spellings) throughout the Christian world, and it became very popular in the Middle Ages. Saint Andrew is regarded as the patron of Scotland, Russia, Greece and Romania. The name has been borne by three kings of Hungary, American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), and, more recently, English composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (1948-).

ANNA   Αννα   f   English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Icelandic, Catalan, Occitan, Breton, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of Channah (see HANNAH) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament. Many later Old Testament translations, including the English, use the Hannah spelling. The name appears briefly in the New Testament belonging to a prophetess who recognized Jesus as the Messiah. It was a popular name in the Byzantine Empire from an early date, and in the Middle Ages it became common among Western Christians due to veneration of Saint Anna (usually known as Saint Anne in English), the name traditionally assigned to the mother of the Virgin Mary. In the English-speaking world, this form came into general use in the 18th century, joining Ann and Anne. The name was borne by several Russian royals, including an 18th-century empress of Russia. It was also the name of the main character in Leo Tolstoy’s novel ‘Anna Karenina’ (1877), a woman forced to choose between her son and her lover.

ANNAS   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Contracted form of ANANIAS. This was the name of one of the high priests of the Jews in the New Testament.

AOD   Αωδ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of EHUD used in the Greek Old Testament.

APPHIA   f   Biblical
Greek form of a Hebrew name which possibly meant “increasing”. This is a name mentioned in Paul’s epistle to Philemon in the New Testament.

AQUILA   m & f   Biblical, Ancient Roman
From a Roman cognomen which meant “eagle” in Latin. In Acts in the New Testament Paul lives with Aquila and his wife Priscilla (or Prisca) for a time.

ARAN (2)   אֲרָן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “wild goat” in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Dishan in the Old Testament.

ARCHELAOS   Αρχελαος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of ARCHELAUS

ARCHELAUS   Αρχελαος   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Αρχελαος (Archelaos), which meant “master of the people” from αρχος (archos) “master” and λαος (laos) “people”. This was the name of a son of Herod the Great. He ruled over Judea, Samaria and Idumea.

ARELI   אַרְאֵלִי   m   Biblical
Means “lion of God” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Gad in the Old Testament.

ARETAS   m   Biblical
Greek form of an Aramaic name, of unknown meaning. This was the name of four Nabataean kings of Petra in Jordan, including the first king (2nd century BC). King Aretas IV is mentioned briefly in the New Testament.

ARIDAI   אֲרִידַי   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the ten sons of Haman killed by the Jews.

ARIEH   אַרְיֵה   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “lion” in Hebrew. This was the name of an officer of king Pekahiah in the Old Testament.

‘ARI’EL   אֲרִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ARIEL

ARIEL   Αριηλ   m & f   Hebrew, English, French, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means “lion of God” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play ‘The Tempest’ (1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film ‘The Little Mermaid’ (1989).

ARIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of ARIEL

ARTAXERXES   m   Ancient Persian (Hellenized), History, Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra meaning “righteous ruler”. This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Persia who defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Empire. He also established Zoroastrianism as the state religion.

ASA   אָסָא   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “doctor” in Hebrew. This name was borne by a king of Judah in the Old Testament.

ASAF   אָסָף   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ASAPH

ASAPH   אָסָף   m   Biblical
Means “collector” in Hebrew. This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament.

‘ASENAT   אָסְנַת   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ASENATH

ASENATH   אָסְנַת   f   Biblical
Means “devoted to the goddess NEITH” in Ancient Egyptian. In the Old Testament this is the name of Joseph’s Egyptian wife.

ASENETH   f   Biblical Latin
Form of ASENATH used in the Latin Bible.

ASENNETH   Ασεννεθ   f   Biblical Greek
Form of ASENATH used in the Greek Old Testament.

ASER   Ασηρ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of ASHER used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

ASHER   אָשֵׁר   m   Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “happy” or “blessed” in Hebrew. Asher in the Old Testament is a son of Jacob and Leah’s handmaid Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

‘ASHTORET   עַשְׁתֹרֶת   f   Biblical Hebrew, Near Eastern Mythology
Hebrew form of ASHTORETH

ASHTORETH   עַשְׁתֹרֶת   f   Biblical, Near Eastern Mythology
From עַשְׁתֹרֶת (‘Ashtoret), the Hebrew form of the name of a Phoenician goddess of love, war and fertility. Her name is cognate to that of the Babylonian goddess ISHTAR.

ASTARTE   Ασταρτη   f   Near Eastern Mythology (Hellenized), Biblical Greek
Greek form of ASHTORETH

ATALYAH   עֲתַלְיָה   f & m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ATHALIAH

ATARAH   עֲטָרָה   f   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “crown” in Hebrew. She was a minor Old Testament character, the wife of Jerahmeel.

ATHALIAH   עֲתַלְיָה   f & m   Biblical
Means “afflicted of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a feminine and masculine name. It was borne by the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, who later came to rule Judah as a queen.

AVIDAN   אֲבִידָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIDAN

‘AVI’EL   אֲבִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIEL

‘AVIGAYIL   אֲבִיגַיִל   f   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ABIGAIL

AVIHU   אֲבִיהוּא   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIHU

‘AVIMA’EL   אֲבִימָאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIMAEL

‘AVIMELEKH   אֲבִימֶלֶך   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIMELECH

AVIRAM   אֲבִירָם   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIRAM

AVISHAG   אֲבִישַׁג   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABISHAG

‘AVISHAY   אֲבִישַׁי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABISHAI

AVITAL   אֲבִיטָל   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABITAL

‘AVIYAH   אֲבִיָה   m & f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABIJAH

AVNER   אַבְנֵר   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABNER

AVRAAMU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ABRAHAM

AVRAHAM   אַבְרָהָם   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABRAHAM

AVRAM   אַבְרָם   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABRAHAM

‘AVSHALOM   אַבְשָׁלוֹם   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABSALOM

AZAREL   עֲזַרְאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God has helped” in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor Old Testament characters.

AZARIA   עֲזַרְיָה   m   Biblical
Variant of AZARIAH

AZARIAH   עֲזַרְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has helped” in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters including of one of the three men the Babylonian king ordered cast into a fiery furnace. His Babylonian name was Abednego.

AZARIAS   Αζαριας   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of AZARIAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

‘AZARYAH   עֲזַרְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of AZARIAH

AZAZEL   עֲזָאזֵל   m   Biblical
Means “scapegoat” in Hebrew. This was the name of the recipient of a sacrificial goat in the Old Testament. The identity of Azazel is not clear; it may in fact be the name of the place where the goat is to be sacrificed, or it may be the name of some sort of evil desert demon.

AZAZIAH   עֲזַזְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is strong” in Hebrew. This was the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.

AZAZIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of AZAZIAH

‘AZAZYAHU   עֲזַזְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of AZAZIAH

AZEL   אָצֵל   m   Biblical
Means “reserved” in Hebrew. This was both the name of a minor character and a place name in the Old Testament.

‘AZRI’EL   עֲזְרִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of AZRIEL

AZRIEL   עֲזְרִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “help of God”, derived from Hebrew עָזַר (‘azar) “help” and אֵל (‘el) “God”. This was the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.

AZUBAH   עֲזוּבָה   f   Biblical
Means “forsaken” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Caleb’s wife.

BALTASAR (2)   Βαλτασαρ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of BELSHAZZAR used in the Greek Old Testament.

BALTASSAR   m   Biblical Latin
Form of BELSHAZZAR used in the Latin Old Testament.

BARAK (1)   בָּרָק   m   Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means “lightning” in Hebrew. This is the name of a military commander in the Old Testament.

BARNABAS   Βαρναβας   m   German, English (Rare), Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of an Aramaic name. In Acts in the New Testament the byname Barnabas was given to a man named Joseph, a companion of Paul on his missionary journeys. The original Aramaic is unattested, but it may be from בּר נביא (bar naviya’) meaning “son of the prophet”, though in Acts 4:36 it is claimed that the name means “son of encouragement”. As an English name, it came into occasional use after the 12th century.

BARTHOLOMAIOS   Βαρθολομαιος   m   Biblical Greek
New Testament Greek form of BARTHOLOMEW

BARTHOLOMEI   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of BARTHOLOMEW

BARTHOLOMEUS   m   Dutch, Biblical Latin
Dutch and Latin form of BARTHOLOMEW

BARTHOLOMEW   m   English, Biblical
From Βαρθολομαιος (Bartholomaios), which was the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning “son of TALMAI”. In the New Testament Bartholomew is the byname of an apostle also known as Nathaniel. Due to the popularity of this saint the name became common in England during the Middle Ages.

BARUCH   בָּרוּך   m   Biblical, Hebrew
Means “blessed” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a companion of the prophet Jeremiah. The deuterocanonical Book of Baruch was supposedly written by him. A famous bearer was Baruch Spinoza, a Dutch-Jewish rationalist philosopher.

BARUKH   בָּרוּך   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BARUCH

BASEMATH   בָּשְׂמַת   f   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “fragrance” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a wife of Esau.

BASEMMATH   Βασεμμαθ   f   Biblical Greek
Form of BASEMATH and BASMATH used in the Greek Old Testament.

BASHEMATH   f   Biblical
Variant of BASEMATH

BASMAT   בָּשְׂמַת   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BASEMATH and BASMATH

BASMATH   בָּשְׂמַת   f   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Variant of BASEMATH. This was the name of a daughter of Solomon in the Old Testament.

BATHSHEBA   בַּת־שֶׁבַע   f   Biblical
Means “daughter of the oath” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the woman who marries King David after he has her husband killed in battle. She was the mother of Solomon.

BAT-SHEVA   בַּת־שֶׁבַע   f   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of BATHSHEBA

BEELZEBUB   בַּעַל זְבוּב   m   Biblical
From Hebrew בַּעַל זְבוּב (Ba’al Zevuv) meaning “lord of flies”, intended as a mocking alteration of בּאל זבל (Ba’al Zevul) “Ba’al the exalted”, one of the Canaanite names for their god BA’AL. In Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’ (1667) this was the name of Satan’s chief lieutenant.

BELIAL   בְּלִיַעַל   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Judeo-Christian Legend
Means “worthless” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this term is used to refer to various wicked people. In later Christian tradition Belial became an evil angel associated with lawlessness and lust.

BELSHATZZAR   בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר   m   Biblical Hebrew
Form of BELSHAZZAR found in the Hebrew Bible.

BELSHAZZAR   בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר   m   Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical
From בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר (Belshatzzar), the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Bel-sarra-usur meaning “BA’AL protect the king”. This was the name of the son of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire before it was conquered by the Persians in the 6th century BC. In the Old Testament Book of Daniel Belshazzar is the last king of Babylon who sees the mystical handwriting on the wall, which is interpreted by Daniel to portend the end of the empire.

BENAIAH   בְּנָיָהוּ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name בְּנָיָהוּ (Benayahu) meaning “YAHWEH has built”. This was the name of numerous Old Testament characters.

BENAYAHU   בְּנָיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BENAIAH

BENIAMIN   Βενιαμιν   m   Romanian, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Romanian form of BENJAMIN, as well as the form used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.

BENJAMIN   בִּנְיָמִין   m   English, French, German, Dutch, Biblical
From the Hebrew name בִּנְיָמִין (Binyamin) which means “son of the south” or “son of the right hand”. Benjamin in the Old Testament is the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-‘oniy) meaning “son of my sorrow” by his mother Rachel, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father. As an English name, Benjamin came into general use after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), an American statesman, inventor, scientist and philosopher.

BERNICE   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Contracted form of BERENICE. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II.

BERNIKE   Βερνικη   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of BERNICE

BETHANIA   Βηθανια   f   Spanish, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHANY used in the Greek and Latin New Testament.

BETHANY   f   English, Biblical
From the name of a biblical town, possibly derived from Hebrew בֵּית־תְּאֵנָה (beit-te’enah) meaning “house of figs”. In the New Testament the town of Bethany was the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. It has been in use as a rare given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, used primarily by Catholics in honour of Mary of Bethany. In America it became moderately common after the 1950s.

BETHEL   בֵּית־אֵל   f   Biblical
From an Old Testament place name meaning “house of God” in Hebrew. This was a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway. It is occasionally used as a given name.

BETHUEL   בֵּתוּאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “man of God” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Rebecca.

BEULAH   בְּעוּלָה   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means “married” in Hebrew. The name is used in the Old Testament to refer to the land of Israel (Isaiah 62:4). As an English given name, Beulah has been used since the Protestant Reformation.

BILHAH   בִּלְהָה   f   Biblical
Means “bashful” in Hebrew. She is the handmaid given to Jacob by his wife Rachel in the Old Testament. By him she is the mother of Dan and Naphtali.

BINYAMIN   בִּנְיָמִין   m   Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew and Arabic form of BENJAMIN

BITHIAH   בִּתְיָה   f   Biblical
Means “daughter of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Pharaoh.

BITYAH   בִּתְיָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BITHIAH

BOAZ   בֹּעַז   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “swiftness” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the husband of Ruth.

BOOS   Βοος   m   Biblical GreekForm of BOAZ used in the Greek Old Testament.

BOOZ   m   Biblical Latin
Form of BOAZ used in the Latin Old Testament.

BUZ   בּוּז   m   Biblical
Means “contempt” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Nahor in the Old Testament.

CAIAPHAS   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament this is the name of the Jewish high priest who condemns Jesus.

CAIN   קָיִן   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “acquired” in Hebrew. In Genesis in the Old Testament, Cain is the first son of Adam and Eve. He killed his brother Abel after God accepted Abel’s offering instead of his.

CAINAN   קֵינָן   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Variant of KENAN

CALEB   כָּלֵב   m   English, Biblical
Most likely related to Hebrew כֶּלֶב (kelev) meaning “dog”. An alternate theory connects it to Hebrew כָּל (kal) “whole, all of” and לֵב (lev) “heart”. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve spies sent by Moses into Israel. Of the Israelites who left Egypt with Moses, Caleb and Joshua were the only ones who lived to see the Promised Land. As an English name, Caleb came into use after the Protestant Reformation. It was common among the Puritans, who introduced it to America in the 17th century.

CANAAN   כְּנַעַן   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Ham. He is said to be the ancestor of the Canaanite people.

CANDACE   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the hereditary title of the queens of Ethiopia, as mentioned in Acts in the New Testament. It is apparently derived from Cushitic kdke meaning “queen mother”. In some versions of the Bible it is spelled Kandake, reflecting the Greek spelling Κανδακη. It was used as a given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation. It was popularized in the 20th century by a character in the movie ‘Meet the Stewarts’ (1942).

CARMEL   כַּרְמֶל   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the title of the Virgin Mary Our Lady of Carmel. כַּרְמֶל (Karmel) (meaning “garden” in Hebrew) is a mountain in Israel mentioned in the Old Testament. It was the site of several early Christian monasteries. As an English given name, it has mainly been used by Catholics.

CARMI   כַּרְמִי   m   Biblical
Means “vine” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Reuben in the Old Testament.

CARPUS   Καρπος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of the Greek name Καρπος (Karpos), which meant “fruit, profits”. The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament in the second epistle of Timothy.

CEPHAS   Κηφας   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “rock” in Aramaic. The apostle Simon was called Cephas by Jesus because he was to be the rock upon which the Christian church was to be built. In most versions of the New Testament Cephas is translated into Greek Πετρος (Petros) (in English Peter).

CHAGGIT   חַגִּית   f   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of HAGGITH

CHALEB   Χαλεβ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of CALEB used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

CHANANYAH   חֲנַנְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of HANANIAH

CHANNAH   חַנָּה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of HANNAH

CHANOKH   חֲנוֹך   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ENOCH

CHAVAQQUQ   חֲבַקּוּק   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of HABAKKUK

CHAWWAH   חַוָּה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of EVE

CHEFTZI-BAH   חֶפְצִי־בָּה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew form of HEPHZIBAH

CHENANIAH   כְּנַנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Variant of KENANIAH used in several translations of the Old Testament.

CHIZQIYAHU   חִזְקִיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of HEZEKIAH

CHLOE   Χλοη   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means “green shoot” in Greek. This was an epithet of the Greek goddess Demeter. The name is also mentioned by Paul in one of his epistles in the New Testament. As an English name, Chloe has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

CHULDAH   חוּלְדָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of HULDAH

CLAUDIA   f   English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of CLAUDIUS. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament. As a Christian name it was very rare until the 16th century.

CLEOPAS   Κλεοπας   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Shortened form of the Greek name Κλεοπατρος (Kleopatros) (see CLEOPATRA). In the New Testament Cleopas is a disciple who sees Jesus after his resurrection.

CLEOPHAS   m   Biblical
Form of CLOPAS used in several versions of the New Testament.

CLOPAS   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament Clopas is mentioned briefly as the husband of one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion, sometimes identified with Alphaeus.

CORNELIUS   m   Ancient Roman, English, Dutch, German, Biblical
Roman family name which possibly derives from the Latin element cornu “horn”. In Acts in the New Testament Cornelius is a centurion who is directed by an angel to seek Peter. After speaking with Peter he converts to Christianity, and he is traditionally deemed the first gentile convert. The name was also borne by a few early saints, including a 3rd-century pope. In England it came into use in the 16th century, partly due to Dutch influence.

CRESCENS   m   Late Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin name which was derived from crescere “to grow”. This name is mentioned briefly in one of Paul’s epistles in the New Testament.

CYRUS   Κυρος   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κυρος (Kyros), the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush, which may mean “far sighted” or “young”. The name is sometimes associated with Greek κυριος (kyrios) “lord”. It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.

DAMARIS   Δαμαρις   f   Biblical, Biblical Greek
Probably means “calf, heifer, girl” from Greek δαμαλις (damalis). In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul.

DAN (1)   דָּן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “he judged” in Hebrew. Dan in the Old Testament is one of the twelve sons of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

DANIEL   Δανιηλ   m   English, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel) meaning “God is my judge”. Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king’s dreams. The book also presents Daniel’s four visions of the end of the world. Due to the popularity of the biblical character, the name came into use in England during the Middle Ages. Though it became rare by the 15th century, it was revived after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers of this name include English author Daniel Defoe (1660-1731), Swiss mathematician Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782), and American frontiersman Daniel Boone (1734-1820).

DANIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of DANIEL used in the Latin Bible.

DANIILU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of DANIEL

DANIYYEL   דָּנִיֵּאל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of DANIEL

DAREIOS   Δαρειος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of DARIUS

DARIUS   m   English, Lithuanian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman form of Δαρειος (Dareios), which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush, which was composed of the elements dâraya “to possess” and vahu “good”. Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who invaded Greece but was defeated in the Battle of Marathon. It has never been very common as a given name in the English-speaking world, though it rose in popularity after the middle of the 20th century.

DARYAWESH   דָּרְיָוֶשׁ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Form of DARIUS used in the Hebrew Bible.

DATHAN   דָּתָן   m   Biblical
Possibly means “fountain” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the conspirators against Moses.

DAUID   Δαυιδ   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of DAVID

DAVID   דָּוִד   m   English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid), which was probably derived from Hebrew דוד (dwd) meaning “beloved”. David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus was descended from him. This name has been used in Britain since the Middle Ages. It has been especially popular in Wales, where it is used in honour of the 5th-century patron saint of Wales (also called Dewi), as well as in Scotland, where it was borne by two kings. Famous bearers include empiricist philosopher David Hume (1711-1776), explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873) and soccer player David Beckham (1975-). This is also the name of the hero of Charles Dickens’ semi-autobiographical novel ‘David Copperfield’ (1850).

DAVIDU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of DAVID

DAWID   דָּוִד   m   Polish, Biblical Hebrew
Polish form of DAVID, as well as the original Hebrew form.

DEBBORA   Δεββωρα   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of DEBORAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

DEBORAH   דְּבוֹרָה   f   English, Hebrew, Biblical
Means “bee” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Book of Judges Deborah is a heroine and prophetess who leads the Israelites to defeat Canaanites. Also in the Old Testament, it is the name of the nurse of Rebecca. Long a common Jewish name, Deborah was first used by English Christians after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.

DELAIAH   דְּלָיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has drawn” in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.

DELAYAHU   דְּלָיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of DELAIAH

DELILAH   דְּלִילָה   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means “delicate, weak, languishing” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the lover of Samson, whom she betrays to the Philistines by cutting his hair, which is the source of his power. Despite her character flaws, the name began to be used by the Puritans in the 17th century. It has been used occasionally in the English-speaking world since that time.

DEVORAH   דְּבוֹרָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of DEBORAH

DIKLAH   דִּקְלָה   m & f   Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means “palm grove” in Hebrew or Aramaic. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Joktan. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name.

DINA (1)   Δινα   f   English, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Variant of DINAH, and also the form used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

DINAH   דִּינָה   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means “judged” in Hebrew. She is the daughter of Jacob and Leah in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English given name since after the Protestant Reformation.

DIONYSIUS   Διονυσιος   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical
Latin form of DIONYSIOS. Dionysius the Areopagite, who is mentioned in the New Testament, was a judge converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. This was also the name of many other early saints, including a 3rd-century pope.

DORCAS   f   Biblical
Derived from Greek δορκας (dorkas) meaning “gazelle”. This is the Greek translation of the name Tabitha in the New Testament (see Acts 9:36).

DROUSILLA   Δρουσιλλα   f   Biblical Greek
Form of DRUSILLA used in the Greek New Testament.

DRUSILLA   f   Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Feminine diminutive of the Roman family name DRUSUS. In Acts in the New Testament Drusilla is the wife of Felix.

EBENEZER   אֶבֶן הָעָזֶר   m   Biblical
Means “stone of help” in Hebrew. This was the name of a monument erected by Samuel in the Old Testament. Charles Dickens used it for the miserly character Ebenezer Scrooge in his novel ‘A Christmas Carol’ (1843).

EDER (1)   עֵדֶר   m   Biblical
Means “flock” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Beriah in the Old Testament.

EDNA (2)   עֶדְנָה   f   Biblical
Means “pleasure” in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament Apocrypha in the Book of Tobit.

‘EDNAH   עֶדְנָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDNA (2)

EDOM   אֱדוֹם   m   Biblical
Means “red” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Esau is given the name Edom because he trades his birthright for a helping of red broth.

EFRAIM   אֶפְרָיִם   m   Hebrew, Biblical
Variant of EPHRAIM

EFRAT   אֶפְרָת   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EPHRATH

‘EFRAYIM   אֶפְרָיִם   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EPHRAIM

EHUD   אֵהוּד   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “united” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Ehud killed Eglon, the king of Moab, and freed the city of Jericho from Moabite rule.

EIRAN   עֵירָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ERAN

EITAN   אֵיתָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ETHAN

ELAM   עֵילָם   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.

‘EL’AZAR   אֶלְעָזָר   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELEAZAR

ELDAD   אֵלְדָד   m   Biblical
Means “God has loved” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.

ELEAZAR   Ελεαζαρ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אֶלְעָזָר (‘El’azar) meaning “my God has helped”. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the sons of Aaron.

ELI (1)   Ηλι   m   English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Means “ascension” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the high priest of Israel and the teacher of Samuel. In England, Eli has been used as a Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation.

ELIAKIM   אֶלְיָקִים   m   Biblical
Means “God rises” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the master of Hezekiah’s household.

ELIAS   Ηλιας   m   Greek, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Cognate of ELIJAH. This is the form used in the Greek New Testament.

‘ELI’EZER   אֱלִיעֶזֶר   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIEZER

ELIEZER   Ελιεζερ   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Hebrew אֱלִיעֶזֶר (‘Eli’ezer) meaning “my God is help”. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a servant of Abraham and one of the sons of Moses (see Exodus 18:4 for an explanation of the significance of the name).

‘ELIFALET   אֱלִיפָלֶט   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIPHALET

‘ELIFELET   אֱלִיפֶלֶט   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIPHELET

ELIHU   אֶלִיהוּא   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English (Archaic)
Means “my God is he” in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament including one of the friends of Job.

ELIJAH   אֱלִיָּהוּ   m   English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ (‘Eliyyahu) meaning “my God is YAHWEH”. Elijah was a Hebrew prophet of the 9th century BC, during the reign of King Ahab and his queen, Jezebel. The two Books of Kings in the Old Testament tell of his exploits, which culminate with him being carried to heaven in a chariot of fire. Because Elijah was a popular figure in medieval tales, and because his name was borne by a few early saints (who are usually known by the Latin form Elias), the name came into general use during the Middle Ages. In medieval England it was usually spelled Elis. It died out there by the 16th century, but it was revived by the Puritans in the form Elijah after the Protestant Reformation.

ELIOENAI   אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי   m   Biblical
Means “my eyes look to God” in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.

ELIOU   Ηλιου   m   Biblical Greek
Form of ELIJAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

ELIPHALET   אֱלִיפָלֶט   m   Biblical
Variant of ELIPHELET used in some versions of the Old Testament to refer to the son of David.

ELIPHELET   אֱלִיפֶלֶט   m   Biblical
Means “God is release” in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament including a son of David.

ELISABET   Ελισαβετ   f   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Biblical Greek
Scandinavian and Finnish form of ELIZABETH

ELISABETH   f   German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
German and Dutch form of ELIZABETH. It is also a variant English form, reflecting the spelling used in the Authorized Version of the New Testament.

ELISABETI   f   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ELIZABETH

ELISAIE   Ελισαιε   m   Biblical Greek
Form of ELISHA used in the Greek Old Testament.

ELISEUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELISHA

ELISHA   אֱלִישַׁע   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע (‘Elisha’), a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ (‘Elishu’a) meaning “my God is salvation”. In the Old Testament, Elisha is the prophet who is the successor of Elijah.

ELISHEBA   אֱלִישֶׁבַע   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ELIZABETH. This name occurs in the Old Testament belonging to the wife of Aaron.

ELIUD   m   Biblical
Greek form of a Hebrew name meaning “God is grandeur”. The Gospel of Matthew lists him as an ancestor of Jesus.

ELIYYAHU   אֱלִיָּהוּ   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ELIJAH

ELIZABETH   f   English, Biblical
From Ελισαβετ (Elisabet), the Greek form of the Hebrew name אֱלִישֶׁבַע (‘Elisheva’) meaning “my God is an oath” or perhaps “my God is abundance”. The Hebrew form appears in the Old Testament where Elisheba is the wife of Aaron, while the Greek form appears in the New Testament where Elizabeth is the mother of John the Baptist. Among Christians, this name was originally more common in Eastern Europe. It was borne in the 12th century by Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, a daughter of King Andrew II who used her wealth to help the poor. In medieval England it was occasionally used in honour of the saint, though the form Isabel (from Occitan and Spanish) was more common. It has been very popular in England since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. Famous modern bearers include the British queen Elizabeth II (1926-) and actress Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011).

ELKANAH   אֱלְקָנָה   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “God has purchased” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Samuel.

ELNATHAN   אֱלְנָתָן   m   Biblical
Means “God has given” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandfather of king Jehoiachin and a son of Akbor.

ELON   אֵילוֹן   m   Biblical
Means “oak” in Hebrew. This was the name of one of the judges of the Israelites in the Old Testament.

EMMANOUEL   Εμμανουηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of IMMANUEL used in the Greek Bible.

EMMANUEL   עִמָּנוּאֵל   m   Biblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל (‘Immanu’el) meaning “God is with us”. This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel and Immanuel, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel and Manoel).

EMMANUHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of IMMANUEL used in the Latin Bible.

ENOCH   Ενωχ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name חֲנוֹך (Chanokh) meaning “dedicated”. In Genesis in the Old Testament this is the name of both the son of Cain and the father of Methuselah, and the supposed author of the apocryphal Books of Enoch.

ENOS   Ενως   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of ENOSH used in many versions of the Old Testament.

ENOSH   אֱנוֹשׁ   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “human being” in Hebrew. He was a son of Seth and a grandson of Adam in the genealogies in Genesis in the Old Testament.

EPAPHRAS   Επαφρας   m   Biblical, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Derived from Greek επαφρος (epaphros) meaning “foamy”. In the New Testament this is the name of one of Paul’s co-workers.

EPHRAIM   Εφραιμ   m   Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אֶפְרָיִם (‘Efrayim) which meant “fruitful”. In the Old Testament, Ephraim is a son of Joseph and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

EPHRATH   Εφραθ   f   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “fruitful place” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by one of the wives of Caleb. Also in the Bible, it is the name of the place where Rachel was buried.

ERAN   עֵירָן   m   Biblical
Means “watchful, vigilant” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.

ERASTOS   Εραστος   m   Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ERASTUS

ERASTUS   Εραστος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Εραστος (Erastos) meaning “beloved”. This was the name of an assistant of Paul mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.

ESAIAS   Ησαιας   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of ISAIAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

ESAU   Ησαυ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name עֵשָׂו (‘Esaw) which possibly meant “hairy”. In the Old Testament, Esau is the elder of the twin sons of Isaac and Rebecca. He sells his birthright to his twin brother Jacob for a bowl of stew. Esau is the ancestor of the Edomites.

‘ESAW   עֵשָׂו   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ESAU

ESDRAS   Εσδρας   m   Biblical, Biblical Greek
Greek form of EZRA. This spelling is used in parts of the Old Testament Apocrypha.

‘ESTER   אֶסְתֵר   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ESTHER

ESTHER   Εσθηρ   f   English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means “star” in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia who saved the Jews of the realm from extermination. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah. This name has been used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. In America it received a boost in popularity after the birth of Esther Cleveland (1893-1980), the daughter of president Grover Cleveland.

ESTHIRU   f   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ESTHER

ETHAN   אֵיתָן   m   English, Jewish, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “solid, enduring” in Hebrew. This is the name of a wise man in the Old Testament. After the Protestant Reformation it was occasionally used as a given name in the English-speaking world, and it became somewhat common in America due to the fame of the revolutionary Ethan Allen (1738-1789). It only became popular towards the end of the 20th century. This was the name of the main character in Edith Wharton’s novel ‘Ethan Frome’ (1911).

EUA   Ευα   f   Biblical Greek
Form of חַוָּה (Chawwah) (see EVE) used in the Greek translation of Old Testament. Chawwah is also translated as Zoe in the Greek Old Testament.

EUNICE   Ευνικη   f   Biblical, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευνικη (Eunike) which meant “good victory”. The New Testament mentions her as the mother of Timothy. As an English name, it was first used after the Protestant Reformation.

EUTYCHOS   Ευτυχος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of EUTYCHUS

EUTYCHUS   Ευτυχος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευτυχος (Eutychos), which was derived from Greek ευτυχης (eutyches) “fortunate”. In the New Testament this is the name of a young man who went to sleep while Paul was preaching and fell from the third story of the building. He was believed to be dead, but later turned out to be alive.

EVA   f   Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Latinate form of EVE. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava is used in the Latin Old Testament. It is also a variant Russian transcription of YEVA. This name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ (1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.

EVE   חַוָּה   f   English, French, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah) “to breathe” or the related word חיה (chayah) “to live”. According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. She gave the forbidden fruit to Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Despite this potentially negative association, the name was occasionally used during the Middle Ages. In the English-speaking world both Eve and the Latin form Eva were revived in the 19th century.

EZAR   m   Biblical
Variant of EZER

EZECHIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Form of HEZEKIAH used in the Latin Old Testament.

EZECHIEL   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of EZEKIEL used in some versions of the Vulgate.

EZEKIAS   Εζεκιας   m   Biblical Greek
Form of HEZEKIAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

EZEKIEL   יְחֶזְקֵאל   m   Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel) meaning “God strengthens”. Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Ezekiel. He lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel, at which time he was taken to Babylon. The Book of Ezekiel describes his vivid symbolic visions that predict the restoration of the kingdom of Israel. As an English given name, Ezekiel has been used since the Protestant Reformation.

EZER   אֵצֶר   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “help” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Seir, as well as several other minor characters.

‘EZRA’   עֶזְרָא   m   Biblical Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew form of EZRA

EZRA   עֶזְרָא   m   Biblical, English, Hebrew
Means “help” in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.

EZRAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of EZRA

FELIX   m   German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From a Roman cognomen meaning “lucky, successful” in Latin. It was acquired as an agnomen, or nickname, by the 1st-century BC Roman general Sulla. It also appears in the New Testament belonging to the governor of Judea who imprisoned Saint Paul. Due to its favourable meaning, this name was popular among early Christians, being borne by many early saints and four popes. It has been used in England since the Middle Ages, though it has been more popular in continental Europe. A notable bearer was the German composer Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847).

FESTUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman cognomen which possibly meant “festival, holiday” in Latin. This was the name of a Roman official in the New Testament.

FILIPPU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of PHILIP

FINEES   m   Biblical Latin
Form of PHINEHAS used in the Latin Old Testament.

GABRIEL   Γαβριηλ   m   French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri’el) meaning “strong man of God”. Gabriel was one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition. He appears in both the Old Testament and the New Testament, where he serves as the announcer of the births of John to Zechariah and Jesus to Mary. According to Islamic tradition he was the angel who dictated the Qur’an to Muhammad. This name has been used occasionally in England since the 12th century. It was not common in the English-speaking world until the end of the 20th century.

GAD   גָּד   m   Biblical
Means “fortune” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Gad is the first son of Jacob by Leah’s slave-girl Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of the Israelites. Another Gad in the Old Testament is a prophet of King David.

GAIOS   Γαιος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of GAIUS

GAIUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of Etruscan origin, meaning unknown. This was a common Roman name, the most famous bearers being Gaius Julius Caesar, the great leader of the Roman Republic, and his adopted son Gaius Octavius (later known as Augustus), the first Roman emperor. This name also appears in the New Testament belonging to a bishop of Ephesus who is regarded as a saint.

GAMALIEL   גַּמְלִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “benefit of God” in Hebrew. In Acts in the New Testament he is a teacher of Saint Paul.

GAVRI’EL   גַּבְרִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GABRIEL

GAVRIILU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of GABRIEL

GEDALIAH   גְּדַלְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is great” in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including the governor of Judea appointed by Nebuchadnezzar.

GEDALYAHU   גְּדַלְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GEDALIAH

GEDEON   Γεδεων   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of GIDEON used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

GEMARIAH   גְּמַרְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has accomplished” in Hebrew. This was the name of a friend of Jeremiah in the Old Testament.

GEMARYAHU   גְּמַרְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GEMARIAH

GERA   גֵּרָא   m   Biblical
Possibly means “a grain” in Hebrew. This was the name of several members of the tribe of Benjamin in the Old Testament.

GERSHOM   גֵּרְשֹׁם   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Probably means “exile” in Hebrew, though the Bible explains that it derives from גֵּר שָׁם (ger sham) meaning “a stranger there”. This is the name of a son of Moses in the Old Testament.

GERSHON   גֵּרְשׁוֹן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Variant of GERSHOM. This was the name of a son of Levi in the Old Testament.

GETHSEMANE   f   Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani), the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning “oil vat”. In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.

GIDEON   גִּדְעוֹן   m   Biblical, English, Hebrew
Means “feller” or “hewer” in Hebrew. Gideon was a hero of the Old Testament who led the Israelites against the Midianites. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.

GID’ON   גִּדְעוֹן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GIDEON

GILAD   גִּלְעָד   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GILEAD

GILEAD   גִּלְעָד   m   Biblical
From an Old Testament place name meaning “monument of testimony” in Hebrew. This was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River. Besides being a place name, it is also borne by people in the Bible.

GOLIATH   גָּלְיָת   m   Biblical
Possibly means “uncovered” in Hebrew. This is the name of the giant Philistine who is slain by David in the Old Testament.

GOLYAT   גָּלְיָת   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of GOLIATH

GOMER   גֹּמֶר   m & f   Biblical
Means “complete” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandson of Noah and the unfaithful wife of the prophet Hosea.

HABACUC   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of HABAKKUK used in some versions of the Vulgate.

HABAKKUK   חֲבַקּוּק   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq) meaning “embrace”. This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament.

HADASSAH   הֲדַסָּה   f   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “myrtle tree” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the Hebrew name of Queen Esther.

HAGAR   הָגָר   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means “flight” in Hebrew, though it could also be of unknown Egyptian origin. In the Old Testament she is the concubine of Abraham and the mother of Ishmael, the founder of the Arab people. After Abraham’s wife Sarah finally gave birth to a child, she had Hagar and Ishmael expelled into the desert. However, God heard their crying and saved them.

HAGGAI   חַגַּי   m   Biblical
Means “festive” in Hebrew. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament.

HAGGITH   חַגִּית   f   Biblical
Means “festive” in Hebrew. This is the name of one of King David’s wives in the Old Testament.

HAM   חָם   m   Biblical
Means “hot, warm” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Ham is one of Noah’s three sons, along with Shem and Japheth. He is the ancestor of the Egyptians and Canaanites.

HANAN (1)   חָנָן   m   Biblical
Means “gracious” in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.

HANANIAH   חֲנַנְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is gracious” in Hebrew. This was the name of many Old Testament characters.

HANANIAS   ‘Ανανιας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ANANIAS

HANNAH   חַנָּה   f   English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַנָּה (Channah) meaning “favour” or “grace”. Hannah is the mother of the prophet Samuel in the Old Testament. As an English name, Hannah was not regularly used until after the Protestant Reformation. The Greek and Latin version Anna is used in the New Testament; this form has traditionally been more widely used as a Christian name.

HANNAS   ‘Αννας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ANNAS

HARAN   הָרָן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means “hill, mountain” in Hebrew. This is the name of the brother of Abraham and father of Lot in the Old Testament.

HAVILAH   חֲוִילָה   f & m   Biblical
Means “stretch of sand” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a place name and a masculine personal name.

HAZAEL   חֲזָאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God sees” in Hebrew. This was the name of a king of Aram in the Old Testament.

HEBER (2)   חֶבֶר   m   Biblical
Means “enclave” in Hebrew. This name is borne by a great-grandson of Jacob in the Old Testament.

HELAH   חֶלְאָה   f   Biblical
Means “rust” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is mentioned as one of the wives of Asher.

HELI (1)   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELI (1) used in the Old and New Testament. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament to refer to the father of Joseph (husband of Mary) in the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke.

HELIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELIJAH used in some versions of the Vulgate.

HEPHZIBAH   חֶפְצִי־בָּה   f   Biblical
Means “my delight is in her” in Hebrew. She is a queen and the mother of Manasseh in the Old Testament.

HEPZIBAH   חֶפְצִי־בָּה   f   Biblical
Variant of HEPHZIBAH

HEROD   ‘Ηρωιδης   m   Biblical
From the Greek name ‘Ηρωιδης (Heroides), which probably means “song of the hero” from ‘ηρως (heros) “hero, warrior” combined with ωιδης (oides) “song, ode”. This was the name of several rulers of Judea during the period when it was part of the Roman Empire. This includes Herod the Great, the king who ordered the slaughter of the children in the New Testament.

HERODES   ‘Ηρωιδης   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Greek form of HEROD

HERODION   ‘Ηρωδιων   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Diminutive of the Greek name Heroides (see HEROD). This name is mentioned briefly in Paul’s epistle to the Romans in the New Testament.

HESTER   f   English, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ESTHER. Like Esther, it has been used in England since the Protestant Reformation. Nathaniel Hawthorne used it for the heroine of his novel ‘The Scarlet Letter’ (1850), Hester Prynne.

HEVEL   הֶבֶל   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ABEL

HEZEKIAH   חִזְקִיָהוּ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name חִזְקִיָהוּ (Chizqiyahu), which means “YAHWEH strengthens”. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a king of Judah and an ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah.

HIEREMIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JEREMIAH

HIEU   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JEHU

HIEZECIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of EZEKIEL

HILLEL   הִלֵּל   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הלל (halal) meaning “praise”. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament as the father of the judge Abdon.

HIRAH   חִירָה   m   Biblical
Means “splendour” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father-in-law of Judah in the Old Testament.

HIRAM   חִירָם   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Probably of Phoenician origin, though it could be from Hebrew meaning “exalted brother”. This was the name of a king of Tyre in the Old Testament. As an English given name, Hiram came into use after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where it gained some currency.

HIZKIAH   חִזְקִיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Alternate form of the Hebrew name Chizqiyahu (see HEZEKIAH).

HODIAH   הוֹדִיָה   f   Biblical
Means “majesty of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This is the name of a wife of Ezra in the Old Testament.

HODIYAH   הוֹדִיָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of HODIAH

HOSANNA   f   Biblical
From the Aramaic religious expression הושע נא (Hosha’ na’) meaning “deliver us” in Hebrew. In the New Testament this is exclaimed by those around Jesus when he first enters Jerusalem.

HOSEA   הוֹשֵׁעַ   m   Biblical
Variant transcription of Hoshe’a (see HOSHEA). Hosea is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Hosea. Written in the northern kingdom, it draws parallels between his relationship with his unfaithful wife and the relationship between God and his people.

HOSHEA   הוֹשֵׁעַ   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name הוֹשֵׁעַ (Hoshe’a) meaning “salvation”. In the Old Testament, Moses gave the spy Hoshea the new name Yehoshu’a (see JOSHUA), which has a related origin. This name was also borne by an 8th-century BC king of Israel, who was the last ruler of that state before it was conquered by Assyria.

HULDA (2)   חוּלְדָה   f   Biblical
Variant of HULDAH

HULDAH   חוּלְדָה   f   Biblical
Means “weasel, mole” in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to a prophetess.

HURI   חוּרִי   m   Biblical
Means “linen weaver” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Abihail in the Old Testament.

IACHIN   Ιαχιν   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JACHIN used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IACOBUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JACOB

IAEL   Ιαηλ   f   Biblical Greek
Form of JAEL used in the Greek Old Testament.

IAFETH   m   Biblical Latin
Form of JAPHETH used in the Latin Old Testament.

IAHEL   f   Biblical Latin
Form of JAEL used in the Latin Old Testament.

IAIR   Ιαιρ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JAIR used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IAIROS   Ιαιρος   m   Biblical Greek
New Testament Greek form of JAIRUS

IAIRUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JAIRUS

IAKOBOS   Ιακωβος   m   Biblical Greek
Form of JACOB used in the Greek Bible.

IAKOVU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of JACOB

IAPHETH   Ιαφεθ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of JAPHETH used in the Greek Old Testament.

IARED   Ιαρεδ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JARED used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IASON   Ιασων   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Ancient Greek form of JASON

ICHABOD   אִיכָבוֹד   m   Biblical
Means “no glory” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the grandson of Eli and the son of Phinehas. This name was also used by Washington Irving for the main character in his short story ‘The Legend of Sleepy Hollow’ (1820), Ichabod Crane.

IDIDA   f   Biblical Latin
Form of JEDIDAH used in the Latin Old Testament.

IEDIDA   Ιεδιδα   f   Biblical Greek
Form of JEDIDAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

IEPHTHAE   Ιεφθαε   m   Biblical Greek
Form of JEPHTHAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

IEPTHAE   m   Biblical Latin
Form of JEPHTHAH used in the Latin Old Testament.

IEREMIAS   Ιερεμιας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of JEREMIAH

IESOUS   Ιησους   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of JOSHUA and JESUS

IESUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of Iesous (see JESUS).

IEZEKIEL   Ιεζεκιηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of EZEKIEL

ILIA   m   Georgian, Russian, Bulgarian, Old Church Slavic
Georgian form of ELIJAH. It is also a variant transcription of ILYA or ILIYA.

IMMANUEL   עִמָּנוּאֵל   m   German, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Form of EMMANUEL used in most translations of the Old Testament. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher who held that duty was of highest importance.

IOAB   Ιωαβ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek and Latin form of JOAB

IOANNA   Ιωαννα   f   Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of JOANNA

IOANNES   Ιωαννης   m   Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Yochanan (see JOHN).

IOANNU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of Ioannes (see JOHN).

IOB   Ιωβ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JOB used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IOEL   Ιωηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of JOEL used in the Greek Old Testament.

IOHANNA   f   Biblical Latin
Latin form of Ioanna (see JOANNA).

IOHANNES   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of Ioannes (see JOHN).

IOHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of JOEL used in the Latin Old Testament.

IONA (2)   m   Russian, Georgian, Biblical Latin
Form of JONAH used in the Latin Old Testament, as well as the Russian and Georgian form.

IONAS   Ιωνας   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of JONAH used in the Greek Bible. It is also the form used in the Latin New Testament.

IONATHAN   Ιωναθαν   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of JONATHAN and JEHONATHAN used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IORAM   Ιωραμ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JORAM used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IOSAPHAT   Ιωσαφατ   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JEHOSHAPHAT used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IOSEPH   Ιωσηφ   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of JOSEPH used in the Greek and Latin Bible.

IOSES   Ιωσης   m   Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of JOSES

IOSIAS   Ιωσιας   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of JOSIAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

IOSIFU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of Ioseph (see JOSEPH).

IOSUE   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JOSHUA

IOU   Ιου   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of JEHU

IOUBAL   Ιουβαλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of JUBAL used in the Greek Old Testament.

IOUDAS   Ιουδας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of JUDAH

IOUDITH   Ιουδιθ   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of JUDITH

IOUNIA   Ιουνια   f   Biblical Greek
Form of JUNIA used in the Greek New Testament.

‘IRA’   עִירָא   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of IRA (1)

IRA (1)   עִירָא   m   Biblical, English, Hebrew
Means “watchful” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of King David’s priest. As an English Christian given name, Ira began to be used after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where remained moderately common into the 20th century.

ISAAC   יִצְחָק   m   English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name יִצְחָק (Yitzchaq) which meant “he laughs”. Isaac in the Old Testament is the son of Abraham and the father of Esau and Jacob. As recounted in Genesis, God tested Abraham’s faith by ordering him to sacrifice his son, though an angel prevented the act at the last moment. As an English Christian name, Isaac was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, though it was more common among Jews. It became more widespread after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include the physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and the science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov (1920-1992).

ISAAK   Ισαακ   m   Russian, German, Biblical Greek
Russian and German form of ISAAC, as well as the form used in the Greek Old Testament.

ISAAKU   m   Old Church Slavic
Church Slavic form of ISAAC

ISAIAH   יְשַׁעְיָהוּ   m   English, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Yesha’yahu) meaning “YAHWEH is salvation”. Isaiah is a major prophet of the Old Testament, supposedly the author of the Book of Isaiah. He was from Jerusalem and probably lived in the 8th century BC. As an English Christian name, Isaiah was first used after the Protestant Reformation.

ISAIAS   m   Biblical
Late Latin form of ISAIAH used in some versions of the Bible.

ISCAH   יִסְכָּה   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִסְכָּה (Yiskah) which meant “to behold”. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham’s niece, mentioned only briefly. This is the basis of the English name Jessica.

ISHMAEL   יִשְׁמָעֵאל   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִשְׁמָעֵאל (Yishma’el) meaning “God will hear”. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Abraham. He is the traditional ancestor of the Arabs. Herman Melville used this name for the narrator in his novel ‘Moby-Dick’ (1851).

ISHMERAI   יִשְׁמְרַי   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH guards” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.

ISHVI   יִשְׁוִי   m   Biblical
Means “he resembles me” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Asher in the Old Testament.

ISMAEL   Ισμαηλ   m   Spanish, Biblical Greek
Spanish form of ISHMAEL. This is also the form used in the Greek Old Testament.

ISMAHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of ISHMAEL used in the Latin Old Testament.

ISRAEL   Ισραηλ   m   Jewish, English, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra’el) meaning “God contended”. In the Old Testament Israel (who was formerly named Jacob; see Genesis 32:28) wrestles with an angel. The ancient and modern states of Israel took their names from him.

ISRAHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of ISRAEL used in the Latin Old Testament.

ISSACHAR   יִשָּׂשׁכָר   m   Biblical
Means “hireling” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve sons of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

ITAMAR   אִיתָמָר   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ITHAMAR

ITHAI   אִתַּי, אִיתַי   m   Biblical
From a Hebrew name spelled variously אִתַּי (‘Ittay) or אִיתַי (‘Itay) meaning “with me”. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David’s mighty men.

ITHAMAR   Ιθαμαρ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אִיתָמָר (‘Itamar) meaning “palm island”. This is the name of a son of Aaron in the Old Testament.

ITHIEL   אִיתִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God is with me” in Hebrew. This was the name of a minor character in the Old Testament.

ITTAI   אִתַּי, אִיתַי   m   Biblical
Variant of ITHAI

‘ITTAY   אִתַּי, אִיתַי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of ITHAI

IUDAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JUDAH

IUDITH   f   Biblical Latin
Latin form of JUDITH

IUNIA   f   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of JUNIA

IVAH   עִוָּה   f   Biblical
From the name of a district of Babylon, mentioned in the Old Testament.

‘IYYOV   אִיּוֹב   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of JOB

JAALA   יַעֲלָה   m   Biblical
Means “wild goat” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of Solomon.

JAASAU   יַעֲשָׂי   m   Biblical
Means “they will do” in Hebrew. This was the name of a descendent of Bani in the Old Testament.

JABEZ   יַעְבֵץ   m   Biblical
Means “sorrow” in Hebrew. This is the name of a character in the Old Testament who is blessed by God.

JABIN   יָבִין   m   Biblical
Means “perceptive” in Hebrew. This name was borne by two kings of Hazor in the Old Testament.

JACHIN   יָכִין   m   Biblical
Means “he establishes” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Simeon in the Old Testament.

JACOB   יַעֲקֹב   m   English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical
From the Latin Iacobus, which was from the Greek Ιακωβος (Iakobos), which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya’aqov). In the Old Testament, Jacob (later called Israel) is the son of Isaac
and Rebecca and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau’s heel, and his name is explained as meaning “holder of the heel” or “supplanter”. Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya’aqov’el) meaning “may God protect”. The English names Jacob and James derive from the same source, with James coming from Latin Iacomus, a later variant of Iacobus. Unlike English, many languages do not have separate spellings for the two names. In England, Jacob was mainly regarded as a Jewish name during the Middle Ages, though the variant James was used among Christians. Jacob came into general use as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was Jacob Grimm (1785-1863), the German linguist and writer who was, with his brother Wilhelm, the author of ‘Grimm’s Fairy Tales’.

JADA (2)   יָדָע   m   Biblical
Means “he knows” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jada is a son of Onam.

JADON   יָדוֹן   m   Biblical
Possibly means either “thankful” or “he will judge” in Hebrew. This name is borne by a minor character in the Old Testament.

JAEL   יָעֵל   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָעֵל (Ya’el) meaning “mountain goat”. In the Old Testament this is the name of a woman who killed the captain of the Canaanite army.

JAHEL   f   Biblical
Variant of JAEL

JAHLEEL   יַחְלְאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God waits” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.

JAHZEEL   יַחְצְאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God apportions” in Hebrew. This was the son of Naphtali in the Old Testament.

JAIR   יָאִיר   m   Biblical
Means “he shines” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a son of Manasseh and one of the judges of the Israelites.

JAIRUS   m   Biblical
From Ιαιρος (Iairos), the Greek form of JAIR used in the New Testament, where it belongs to the father of a young girl brought back to life by Jesus.

JAMES   m   English, Biblical
English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus which was derived from Ιακωβος (Iakobos), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Ya’aqov (see JACOB). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint James the Greater, the apostle John’s brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus. Since the 13th century this form of the name has been used in England, though it became more common in Scotland, where it was borne by several kings. In the 17th century the Scottish king James VI inherited the English throne, becoming the first ruler of all Britain, and the name grew much more popular. Famous bearers include the explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the inventor James Watt (1736-1819), and the novelist and poet James Joyce (1882-1941). This name has also been borne by six American presidents. A notable fictional bearer is the British spy James Bond, created by author Ian Fleming.

JAMIN   יָמִין   m   Biblical
Means “right hand” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Simeon.

JAPHETH   יֶפֶת   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יֶפֶת (Yefet) meaning “enlarged”. In the Old Testament he is one of the three sons of Noah, along with Shem and Ham. He is the ancestor of the peoples of Europe and Northern Asia.

JARAH   יֲעְרָה   m   Biblical
Means “honeycomb” and “honeysuckle” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a descendent of Saul.

JARED   יָרֶד, יֶרֶד   m   English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָרֶד (Yared) or יֶרֶד (Yered) meaning “descent”. This is the name of a close descendent of Adam in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popularized in the 1960s by the character Jarrod Barkley on the television series ‘The Big Valley’.

JASON   Ιασων   m   English, French, Greek Mythology (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Greek name Ιασων (Iason), which was derived from Greek ιασθαι (iasthai) “to heal”. In Greek mythology Jason was the leader of the Argonauts. After his uncle Pelias overthrew his father as king of Iolcos, Jason went in search of the Golden Fleece in order to win back the throne. During his journeys he married the sorceress Medea, who helped him gain the fleece and kill his uncle, but who later turned against him when he fell in love with another woman. This name also appears in the New Testament, belonging to man who sheltered Paul and Silas. In his case, it may represent a Hellenized form of a Hebrew name. It was not used in England until after the Protestant Reformation.

JAVAN   יָוָן   m   Biblical
Means “Greece” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Noah and the ancestor of the Greek people.

JEDIDAH   יְדִידָה   f   Biblical
Means “beloved” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of King Amon of Judah and the mother of Josiah.

JEDIDIAH   יְדִידְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “beloved of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a name given to Solomon by Nathan.

JEHIEL   יְחִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “God lives” in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament, including one of King David’s lute players.

JEHOASH   יְהוֹאָשׁ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹאָשׁ (Yeho’ash), an extended form of יוֹאָשׁ (Yo’ash) (see JOASH). This was the name of a king of Israel in the Old Testament.

JEHOIACHIN   יְהוֹיָכִין   m   Biblical
Means “established by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah who is imprisoned in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.

JEHOIAKIM   יְהוֹיָקִים   m   Biblical
Means “raised by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah, the father of Jehoiachin.

JEHONATHAN   יְהוֹנָתָן   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹנָתָן (Yehonatan), the full form of JONATHAN. This is the name of a few minor characters in the Old Testament.

JEHORAM   יְהוֹרָם   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹרָם (Yehoram) which meant “exalted by YAHWEH”. This was the name of a king of Judah in the Old Testament.

JEHOSHAPHAT   יְהוֹשָׁפָט   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has judged” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the fourth king of Judah, noted for having a generally peaceful and prosperous reign.

JEHU   יְהוּא   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is he” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name belongs to both a prophet and a king of Israel.

JEHUDI   יְהוּדִי   m   Biblical
Means “Jew” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of king Jehoiakim.

JEMIMA   יְמִימָה   f   Biblical, English
Means “dove” in Hebrew. This was the oldest of the three daughters of Job in the Old Testament. As an English name, Jemima first became common during the Puritan era.

JEPHTHA   יִפְתַח   m   Biblical
Variant of JEPHTHAH

JEPHTHAH   יִפְתַח   m   Biblical
Means “he opens” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name belongs to a judge who defends Israel from the Ammonites.

JEREMIAH   יִרְמְיָהוּ   m   English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִרְמְיָהוּ (Yirmiyahu) which meant “YAHWEH has uplifted”. This is the name of one of the major prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Jeremiah and (supposedly) the Book of Lamentations. He lived to see the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in the 6th century BC. In England, though the vernacular form Jeremy had been occasionally used since the 13th century, the form Jeremiah was not common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JEREMIEL   m   Biblical
Means “God uplifts” in Hebrew. Jeremiel is named as an archangel in the apocryphal books of Esdras and Enoch in the Old Testament.

JEREMY   m   English, Biblical
Medieval English form of JEREMIAH, and the form used in some versions of the New Testament.

JERIAH   יְרִיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “taught by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jeriah is a descendent of Hebron.

JERICHO   יְרֵחוֹ   m   Biblical
From the name of a city in Israel which is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. The meaning of the city’s name is uncertain, but it may be related to the Hebrew word יָרֵחַ (yareach) meaning “moon”, or otherwise to the Hebrew word רֵיחַ (reyach) meaning “fragrant”.

JERUSHA   יְרוּשָׁה   f   Biblical
Means “possession” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the wife of King Uzziah of Judah and the mother of Jotham.

JESCHA   f   Biblical
Form of ISCAH found in the medieval Wycliffe Bible. This name was probably the basis for Shakespeare’s created name Jessica.

JESSE   יִשַׁי   m   English, Dutch, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִשַׁי (Yishay) which possibly means “gift”. Jesse is the father of King David in the Old Testament. It began to be used as an English given name after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer of this name was Jesse James (1847-1882), an American outlaw who held up banks and stagecoaches. He was eventually shot by a fellow gang member for a reward. Another famous bearer was the American athlete Jesse Owens (1913-1980), whose real name was James Cleveland (or J. C.) Owens.

JESUS   m   Theology, Biblical
English form of Ιησους (Iesous), which was the Greek form of the Aramaic name יֵשׁוּעַ (Yeshu’a). Yeshu’a is itself a contracted form of Yehoshu’a (see JOSHUA). Yeshua ben Yoseph, better known as Jesus Christ, was the central figure of the New Testament and the source of the Christian religion. The four Gospels state that he was the son of God and the Virgin Mary who fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah. He preached for three years before being crucified in Jerusalem.

JETHRO   יִתְרוֹ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יִתְרוֹ (Yitro), which was derived from the Hebrew word יֶתֶר (yeter) meaning “abundance”. Jethro is the father of Moses’s wife Zipporah in the Old Testament. A famous bearer of the name was Jethro Tull (1674-1741), an English inventor and agriculturist.

JEZEBEL   אִיזֶבֶל   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew אִיזֶבֶל (‘Izevel) which meant “not exalted”. In the Old Testament this is the name of the evil wife of Ahab, king of Israel. She is eaten by dogs, fulfilling Elijah’s prophecy.

JOAB   יוֹאָב   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is father” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the commander of King David’s army, but when Solomon comes to power he is executed.

JOANNA   f   English, Polish, Biblical
English and Polish form of Latin Iohanna, which was derived from Greek Ιωαννα (Ioanna), the feminine form of Ioannes (see JOHN). This is the name of a follower of Jesus in the New Testament. In the Middle Ages in England it was used as a Latinized form of Joan, and it became common as an English given name in the 19th century.

JOASH   יוֹאָשׁ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹאָשׁ (Yo’ash) which possibly meant either “fire of YAHWEH” or “YAHWEH has given”. In the Old Testament this name was borne by several characters including the father of Gideon, a king of Judah, and a son of King Ahab of Israel.

JOB   אִיּוֹב   m   Biblical, Dutch
From the Hebrew name אִיּוֹב (‘Iyyov) which means “persecuted, hated”. In the Book of Job in the Old Testament he is a patient man who is tested by God.

JOCHEBED   יוֹכֶבֶד   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹכֶבֶד (Yokheved) which meant “YAHWEH is glory”. This is the name of the mother of Miriam, Aaron and Moses In the Old Testament.

JOEL   יוֹאֵל   m   English, Swedish, Finnish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹאֵל (Yo’el) meaning “YAHWEH is God”. Joel is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Joel. In England, it was first used as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation.

JOHN   m   English, Biblical
English form of Iohannes, the Latin form of the Greek name Ιωαννης (Ioannes), itself derived from the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן (Yochanan) meaning “YAHWEH is gracious”. This name owes its popularity to two New Testament characters, both highly revered saints. The first is John the Baptist, a Jewish ascetic who was considered the forerunner of Jesus Christ. The second is the apostle John, who is also traditionally regarded as the author of the fourth Gospel and Revelation. This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians in the Byzantine Empire, but it flourished in Western Europe after the First Crusade. In England it became extremely popular: during the later Middle Ages it was given to approximately a fifth of all English boys. The name (in various spellings) has been borne by 21 popes and eight Byzantine emperors, as well as rulers of England, France, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Portugal, Bulgaria, Russia and Hungary. It was also borne by the poet John Milton (1608-1674), philosopher John Locke (1632-1704), American founding father and president John Adams (1735-1826), and poet John Keats (1795-1821). Famous bearers of the 20th century include author John Steinbeck (1902-1968), assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), and musician John Lennon (1940-1980).

JOKTAN   יָקְטָן   m   Biblical
Means “small” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Eber in the Old Testament.

JONAH   יוֹנָה   m   English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹנָה (Yonah) meaning “dove”. This was the name of a prophet swallowed by a fish, as told in the Old Testament Book of Jonah. He emerged from the fish alive three days later. His story was popular in the Middle Ages, but the name did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JONAS (2)   m   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Biblical
From Ιωνας (Ionas), the Greek form of JONAH. This spelling is used in some English translations of the New Testament.

JONATHAN   יוֹנָתָן   m   English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, French, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹנָתָן (Yehonatan) (contracted to יוֹנָתָן (Yonatan)) meaning “YAHWEH has given”. According to the Old Testament, Jonathan was the eldest son of Saul and a friend of David. He was killed in battle with the Philistines. As an English name, Jonathan did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation. A famous bearer was the Anglo-Irish satirist Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), who wrote ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ and other works.

JORAM   יוֹרָם   m   Biblical
Contracted form of Yehoram (see JEHORAM). This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament, as well as being another name for Jehoram the king of Judah.

JOSAPHAT   m   Biblical
Contracted form of JEHOSHAPHAT used in some English versions of the New Testament.

JOSEPH   יוֹסֵף   m   English, French, German, Biblical
From Ioseph, the Latin form of Greek Ιωσηφ (Ioseph), which was from the Hebrew name יוֹסֵף (Yosef) meaning “he will add”. In the Old Testament, Joseph is the eleventh son of Jacob. Because he was the favourite of his father, his older brothers sent him to Egypt and told their father that he had died. In Egypt, Joseph became an advisor to the pharaoh, and was eventually reconciled with his brothers when they came to Egypt during a famine. This name also occurs in the New Testament, belonging to Saint Joseph the husband of Mary and Joseph of Arimathea. In the Middle Ages, Joseph was a common Jewish name, being less frequent among Christians. In the late Middle Ages Saint Joseph became more highly revered, and the name became popular in Spain and Italy. In England it became common after the Protestant Reformation. This name was borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and Portugal. Other notable bearers include Polish-British author Joseph Conrad (1857-1924) and the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin (1878-1953).

JOSES   Ιωσης   m   Biblical
From Ιωσης (Ioses), a Greek variant of JOSEPH used in the New Testament to distinguish Joseph the brother of James from the many other characters of that name.

JOSHUA   יְהוֹשֻׁעַ   m   English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshu’a) meaning “YAHWEH is salvation”. Joshua was one of the twelve spies sent into Canaan by Moses, as told in the Old Testament. After Moses died Joshua succeeded him as leader of the Israelites. As an English name, Joshua has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. The name Jesus comes from a Greek translation of the Aramaic short form יֵשׁוּעַ (Yeshu’a), which was the real name of Jesus.

JOSIAH   יֹאשִׁיָהוּ   m   Biblical, English
Means “YAHWEH supports” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah famous for his religious reforms. He was killed fighting the Egyptians at Megiddo. In England this name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

JOSIAS   m   Biblical
Latinized form of JOSIAH used in some English versions of the Old Testament.

JOTHAM   יוֹתָם   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH is upright” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a son of Gideon and a king of Judah.

JUBAL   יוּבָל   m   Biblical
Means “stream” in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in Genesis in the Old Testament as belonging to the first person to be a musician.

JUDAH   יְהוּדָה   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדָה (Yehudah) which meant “praised”. Judah was one of the twelve sons of Jacob and the ancestor of the tribe of Judah, as told in the Old Testament. This tribe eventually formed the kingdom of Judah in the south of Israel. King David and Jesus were descendents of Judah.

JUDAS   m   Biblical
From Ιουδας (Ioudas), the Greek form of JUDAH. Judas Iscariot is the apostle who betrays Jesus in the New Testament.

JUDE   m   English, Biblical
Variant of JUDAS. It is used in many English versions of the New Testament to denote the second apostle named Judas, in order to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot. He was supposedly the author of the Epistle of Jude. In the English-speaking world, Jude has occasionally been used as a given name since the time of the Protestant Reformation.

JUDITH   יְהוּדִית   f   English, Jewish, French, German, Spanish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדִית (Yehudit) meaning “woman from Judea”, Judea being an ancient region in Israel. In the Old Testament, Judith is one of the wives of Esau. This is also the name of the main character of the apocryphal Book of Judith who kills Holofernes, an invading Assyrian commander, by beheading him in his sleep. As an English name, though there are a handful of early examples during the Middle Ages, it did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JULIA   f   English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Ancient Roman, Biblical
Feminine form of JULIUS. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Shakespeare used the name in his comedy ‘The Two Gentlemen of Verona’ (1594). It has been common as a given name in the English-speaking world only since the 18th century. A famous bearer is American actress Julia Roberts (1967-).

JUNIA   f   Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of JUNIUS. This was the name of an early Christian mentioned in the New Testament (there is some debate about whether the name belongs to a man or a woman).

KAIN   Καιν   m   Biblical Greek
Form of CAIN used in the Greek Old Testament.

KAINAN   Καιναν   m   Biblical Greek
Form of CAINAN used in the Greek Old Testament.

KALEV (2)   כָּלֵב   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of CALEB

KANDAKE   Κανδακη   f   Biblical, Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of CANDACE

KARPOS   Καρπος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of CARPUS

KAYIN (2)   קָיִן   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of CAIN

KEINAN   קֵינָן   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of CAINAN

KENAN   קֵינָן   m   Biblical
Possibly means “possession” in Hebrew. He is a son of Enosh and a great-grandson of Adam in the Old Testament.

KENANIAH   כְּנַנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH establishes” in Hebrew. This was the name of two minor Old Testament characters.

KENANYAHU   כְּנַנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of KENANIAH

KEPHAS   Κηφας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of CEPHAS

KEREN-HAPPUCH   קֶרֶן הַפּוּך   f   Biblical
Means “horn of antimony” in Hebrew. Antimony is a substance that was formerly used as an eye cosmetic (eyeshadow). A hollowed animal horn could have been used to store this material. Keren-Happuch is the name of the third daughter of Job in the Old Testament.

KEREN HAPPUKH   קֶרֶן הַפּוּך   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of KEREN-HAPPUCH

KETURAH   קְטוּרָה   f   Biblical
Means “incense” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is Abraham’s wife after Sarah dies.

KETZI’AH   קְצִיעָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of KEZIAH

KEZIA   קְצִיעָה   f   Biblical
Variant of KEZIAH

KEZIAH   קְצִיעָה   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name קְצִיעָה (Qetzi’ah) meaning “cassia”, from the name of the spice tree. In the Old Testament she is a daughter of Job.

KLEOPAS   Κλεοπας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of CLEOPAS

KLOPAS   Κλωπας   m   Biblical Greek
Form of CLOPAS used in the Greek New Testament.

KORESH   כּוֹרֶשׁ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Form of CYRUS used in the Hebrew Bible.

KRESKES   Κρησκης   m   Biblical Greek
Form of CRESCENS used in the Greek New Testament.

KYROS   Κυρος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of CYRUS

LABAN   לָבָן   m   Biblical
Derived from Hebrew לָבָן (lavan) meaning “white”. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Rachel and Leah.

LAEL   לָאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “of God” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Eliasaph in the Old Testament.

LAMECH   לָמֶך   m   Biblical
Possibly means “to make low” in Hebrew. This is the name of two characters in Genesis in the Old Testament: a descendent of Cain and the father of Noah.

LAZAROS   Λαζαρος   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of LAZARUS

LAZARUS   Λαζαρος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of Λαζαρος (Lazaros), a Greek form of ELEAZAR used in the New Testament. Lazarus was a man from Bethany, the brother of Mary and Martha, who was restored to life by Jesus.

LEAH   לֵאָה   f   English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le’ah) which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le’ah) meaning “weary”. Alternatively it might derive from a Chaldean name meaning “mistress” or “ruler” in Akkadian. In the Old Testament, Leah is the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven of his children. Although this name was used by Jews in the Middle Ages, it was not typical as an English Christian name until after the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans.

LEHI   לֶחִי   m   Biblical, Mormon
From an Old Testament place name meaning “jawbone” in Hebrew. It is also used in the Book of Mormon as the name of a prophet.

LEIA (1)   Λεια   f   Biblical Greek
Form of LEAH used in the Greek Old Testament.

LEMUEL   לְמוּאֵל   m   Biblical, Mormon, Biblical Hebrew
Means “belonging to God” in Hebrew. This was the name of a king briefly mentioned in Proverbs in the Old Testament. In the Book of Mormon it is the name of a son of Lehi and Sariah. It is also borne by the hero of Jonathan Swift’s novel ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ (1726).

LEUI   Λευι   m   Biblical Greek
Form of LEVI used in the Greek Bible.

LEVI   לֵוִי   m   Hebrew, English, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means “attached” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Levi is the third son of Jacob and Leah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of the Israelites (the tribe that eventually became the priests of the Israelites). In the New Testament this is another name for the apostle Matthew. As an English Christian name, Levi came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

LEWI   לֵוִי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew form of LEVI

LIA (1)   f   Italian, Portuguese, Georgian, Biblical Latin
Italian, Portuguese and Georgian form of LEAH

LOIS (1)   Λωις   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly derived from Greek λωιων (loion) meaning “more desirable” or “better”. Lois is mentioned in the New Testament as the mother of Eunice and the grandmother of Timothy. As an English name, it came into use after the Protestant Reformation. In fiction, this is the name of the girlfriend of the comic book hero Superman.

LOT (1)   לוֹט   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “covering, veil” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a nephew of Abraham. Before Sodom was destroyed by God, he was directed to flee the city without looking back. However, his wife looked back on the destruction and was turned into a pillar of salt.

LOUKAS   Λουκας   m   Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of LUKE

LOUKIOS   Λουκιος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of LUCIUS

LUCAS   m   English, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Biblical Latin
Latin form of Loukas (see LUKE).

LUCIUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical, English
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux “light”. Two Etruscan kings of early Rome had this name as well as several prominent later Romans, including Lucius Annaeus Seneca (known simply as Seneca), a statesman, philosopher, orator and tragedian. The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament belonging to a Christian in Antioch. It was also borne by three popes, including the 3rd-century Saint Lucius. Despite this, the name was not regularly used in the Christian world until after the Renaissance.

LUKA   m   Russian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic
Form of LUKE

LUKE   m   English, Biblical
English form of the Greek name Λουκας (Loukas) which meant “from Lucania”, Lucania being a region in Italy. Saint Luke, the author of the third Gospel and Acts in the New Testament, was a doctor who travelled in the company of Saint Paul. Due to his renown, the name became common in the Christian world (in various spellings). As an English name, Luke has been in use since the 12th century. A famous fictional bearer was the hero Luke Skywalker from the ‘Star Wars’ movies.

LYDIA   Λυδια   f   English, German, Finnish, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “from Lydia” in Greek. Lydia was a region on the west coast of Asia Minor. In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. In the modern era the name has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

MAALA   Μααλα   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MAHLAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

MACHALAT   מָחֲלַת   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MAHALATH

MACHLAH   מַחְלָה   f & m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MAHLAH

MACHLI   מַחְלִי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MAHLI

MADAI   מָדַי   m   Biblical
Means “Medes” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Japheth. He was the ancestor of the Medes, an ancient people related to the Persians.

MAELETH   Μαελεθ   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MAHALATH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

MAGDALENE   Μαγδαληνη   f   German, Danish, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From a title which meant “of Magdala”. Mary Magdalene, a character in the New Testament, was named thus because she was from Magdala – a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant “tower” in Hebrew. She was cleaned of evil spirits by Jesus and then remained with him during his ministry, witnessing the crucifixion and the resurrection. She was a popular saint in the Middle Ages, and the name became common then. In England it is traditionally rendered Madeline, while Magdalene or Magdalen is the learned form.

MAGDALINA   f   Old Church Slavic, Bulgarian
Old Slavic form of MAGDALENE, as well as a Bulgarian variant form.

MAHALAH   m   Biblical
Variant of MAHLAH used in the King James Version of the Old Testament.

MAHALATH   מָחֲלַת   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name מָחֲלַת (Machalat) meaning “lyre”. In the Old Testament she is the daughter of Ishmael and the wife of Esau.

MAHALI   m   Biblical
Variant of MAHLI

MAHLAH   מַחְלָה   f & m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name מַחְלָה (Machlah), possibly meaning “weak” or “sick”. This name is used in the Old Testament as both a feminine and masculine name. In some versions of the Bible the masculine name is spelled Mahalah.

MAHLI   מַחְלִי   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name מַחְלִי (Machliy), possibly meaning “weak” or “sick”. This was the name of two characters mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.

MALACHI   מַלְאָכִי   m   Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name מַלְאָכִי (Mal’akhiy) meaning “my messenger” or “my angel”. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

MAL’AKHI   מַלְאָכִי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MALACHI

MANAEM   Μαναημ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of MENAHEM used in the Greek Old Testament.

MANAHEM   m   Biblical Latin
Form of MENAHEM used in the Latin Old Testament.

MANASSEH   מְנַשֶּׁה   m   Biblical
Means “causing to forget” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the oldest son of Joseph and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

MANASSES   Μανασσης   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MANASSEH used in the Greek and Latin Bible. It is also the form used in some English versions of the New Testament.

MARA (1)   מָרָא   f   Biblical
Means “bitter” in Hebrew. This is a name taken by Naomi in the Old Testament (see Ruth 1:20).

MARCUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was probably derived from the name of the Roman god MARS. Famous Roman bearers of this name were Marcus Tullius Cicero (known simply as Cicero), a 1st-century BC statesman and orator, Marcus Antonius (known as Mark Antony), a 1st-century BC politician, and Marcus Aurelius, a notable 2nd-century emperor. This was also the name of a pope of the 4th century. This spelling has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world, though the traditional English form Mark has been more common.

MARIA   Μαρια   f & m   Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Occitan, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Frisian, Greek, Polish, Romanian, English, Finnish, Icelandic, Corsican, Basque, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic
Latin form of Greek Μαρια, from Hebrew מִרְיָם (see MARY). Maria is the usual form of the name in many European languages, as well as a secondary form in other languages such as English (where the common spelling is Mary). In some countries, for example Germany, Poland and Italy, Maria is occasionally used as a masculine middle name. This was the name of two ruling queens of Portugal. It was also borne by the Habsburg queen Maria Theresa (1717-1780), whose inheritance of the domains of her father, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, began the War of the Austrian Succession.

MARIAM   Μαριαμ   f   Biblical Greek, Georgian, Armenian, Arabic
Form of MARIA used in the Greek Old Testament, as well as the Georgian and Armenian form. It is also a variant transcription of Arabic MARYAM.

MARK   m   English, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical
Form of MARCUS. Saint Mark was the author of the second Gospel in the New Testament. He is the patron saint of Venice, where he is supposedly buried. Though in use during the Middle Ages, Mark was not common in the English-speaking world until the 19th century, when it began to be used alongside the classical form Marcus. In the Celtic legend of Tristan and Isolde this was the name of a king of Cornwall. It was also borne by the American author Mark Twain (1835-1910), real name Samuel Clemens, the author of ‘Tom Sawyer’ and ‘Huckleberry Finn’. He actually took his pen name from a call used by riverboat workers on the Mississippi River to indicate a depth of two fathoms. This is also the usual English spelling of the name of the 1st-century BC Roman triumvir Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony).

MARKOS   Μαρκος   m   Greek, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Marcus (see MARK).

MARTHA   Μαρθα   f   English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Aramaic מרתא (marta’) meaning “lady, mistress”. In the New Testament this is the name of the sister of Lazarus and Mary of Bethany. It was not used in England until after the Protestant Reformation. A notable bearer was Martha Washington (1731-1802), the wife of the first American president George Washington.

MARY   f   English, Biblical
Usual English form of Maria, which was the Latin form of the New Testament Greek names Μαριαμ (Mariam) and Μαρια (Maria) – the spellings are interchangeable – which were from the Hebrew name מִרְיָם (Miryam). The meaning is not known for certain, but there are several theories including “sea of bitterness”, “rebelliousness”, and “wished for child”. However it was most likely originally an Egyptian name, perhaps derived in part from mry “beloved” or mr “love”. This is the name of several New Testament characters, most importantly Mary the virgin mother of Jesus, and Mary Magdalene. Due to the Virgin Mary this name has been very popular in the Christian world, though at certain times in some cultures it has been considered too holy for everyday use. In England it has been used since the 12th century, and it has been among the most common feminine names since the 16th century. The Latinized form Maria is also used in English as well as in several other languages. This name has been borne by two queens of England, as well as a Queen of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots. Another notable bearer was Mary Shelley (1797-1851), the author of ‘Frankenstein’. A famous fictional character by this name was Mary Poppins, from the children’s books by P. L. Travers.

MATTAN   מַתָּן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “gift” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Shephatiah in the Old Testament.

MATTANIAH   מַתַּנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “gift of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This was the original name of Zedekiah, a king of Judah, in the Old Testament.

MATTANYAHU   מַתַּנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MATTANIAH

MATTHAIOS   Ματθαιος   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of Mattityahu (see MATTHEW).

MATTHAN   Ματθαν   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MATTAN used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament. This form of the name is also used in English versions of the New Testament, being borne by the great-grandfather of Jesus.

MATTHEI   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of MATTHEW

MATTHEUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of MATTHEW

MATTHEW   m   English, Biblical
English form of Ματθαιος (Matthaios), which was a Greek form of the Hebrew name מַתִּתְיָהוּ (Mattityahu) meaning “gift of YAHWEH”. Saint Matthew, also called Levi, was one of the twelve apostles. He was a tax collector, and supposedly the author of the first Gospel in the New Testament. As an English name, Matthew has been in use since the Middle Ages.

MATTHIA   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of MATTHIAS

MATTHIAS   Ματθιας   m   Greek, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, French, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Variant of Matthaios (see MATTHEW) which appears in the New Testament as the name of the apostle chosen to replace the traitor Judas Iscariot. This was also the name of kings of Hungary, including Matthias I who made important reforms to the kingdom in the 15th century.

MATTITYAHU   מַתִּתְיָהוּ   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of MATTHEW

MEDAD   מֵידָד   m   Biblical
Means “love” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Medad is one of the elders who prophesizes in the camp of the Israelites after the flight from Egypt.

MEHEITAV’EL   מְהֵיטַבְאֵל   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MEHETABEL

MEHETABEL   מְהֵיטַבְאֵל   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name מְהֵיטַבְאֵל (Meheitav’el) meaning “God makes happy”. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.

MEHITABEL   f   Biblical
Variant of MEHETABEL

MELCHOL   Μελχολ   f   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of MICHAL (2)

MELECH   מֶלֶך   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “king” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Micah (not the prophet).

MENACHEM   מְנַחֵם   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MENAHEM

MENAHEM   מְנַחֵם   m   Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name מְנַחֵם (Menachem) meaning “comforter”. This was the name of a king of Israel who appears in the Old Testament.

MENASHSHEH   מְנַשֶּׁה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MANASSEH

MERAB (1)   מֵרַב   f   Biblical
Means “abundant” in Hebrew. This was the name of a daughter of Saul in the Old Testament.

MERARI   מְרָרִי   m   Biblical
Means “bitter” in Hebrew. This was the name of the youngest son of Levi in the Old Testament.

MERAV   מֵרַב   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MERAB (1)

MEROB   Μεροβ   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MERAB (1) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

MESHACH   מֵישַׁך   m   Biblical
Possibly means “who is what Aku is?” in Akkadian, Aku being the name of the Babylonian god of the moon. In the Old Testament this is the Babylonian name of Mishael, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God.

MESHULLAM   מְשֻׁלָּם   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means either “paid for” or “friend” in Hebrew. This was the name of many characters in the Old Testament.

METHUSELAH   מְתוּשֶׁלַח   m   Biblical
Means “man of the dart” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the father of Lamech and the grandfather of Noah. He lived to age 969, making him the longest-lived person in the Bible.

METUSHELACH   מְתוּשֶׁלַח   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of METHUSELAH

MICAH   מִיכָה   m   Biblical, English
Contracted form of MICAIAH. Micah is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He predicted the destruction of Jerusalem. It was occasionally used as an English given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation, but it did not become common until the end of the 20th century.

MICAIAH   מִיכָיְהוּ   m & f   Biblical
Means “who is like YAHWEH?” in Hebrew. This name occurs in the Old Testament belonging to both males and females.

MICAJAH   מִיכָיְהוּ   m   Biblical
Variant of MICAIAH

MICHA   Μιχα   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of MICAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

MICHAEL   Μιχαηλ   m   English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name מִיכָאֵל (Mikha’el) meaning “who is like God?”. This is a rhetorical question, implying no person is like God. Michael is one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition and the only one identified as an archangel in the Bible. In the Book of Revelation in the New Testament he is portrayed as the leader of heaven’s armies, and thus is considered the patron saint of soldiers. The popularity of the saint led to the name being used by nine Byzantine emperors, including Michael VIII Palaeologus who restored the empire in the 13th century. It has been common in Western Europe since the Middle Ages, and in England since the 12th century. It has been borne (in various spellings) by rulers of Russia (spelled Михаил), Romania (Mihai), Poland (Michał), and Portugal (Miguel). Other bearers of this name include the British chemist/physicist Michael Faraday (1791-1867), musician Michael Jackson (1958-2009), and basketball player Michael Jordan (1963-).

MICHAL (2)   מִיכַל   f   Biblical, Hebrew
Possibly means “brook” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is a daughter of Saul who marries David.

MICHOL   f   Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of MICHAL (2)

MIKHA’EL   מִיכָאֵל   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MICHAEL

MIKHAEL   Μιχαηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Variant transcription of MICHAEL

MIKHAH   מִיכָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MICAH

MIKHAILU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of MICHAEL

MIKHAL   מִיכַל   f   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of MICHAL (2)

MIKHAYHU   מִיכָיְהוּ   m & f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MICAIAH

MILKA (2)   מִלְכָּה   f   Biblical
Means “queen” in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to both the wife of Nahor and the daughter of Zelophehad.

MIRIAM   מִרְיָם   f   Hebrew, English, German, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of MARY. It is used in the Old Testament, where it belongs to the elder sister of Moses and Aaron. It has long been popular among Jews, and it has been used as an English Christian name since the Protestant Reformation.

MNASON   Μνασων   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Possibly means “reminding” in Greek. In Acts in the New Testament Paul stays in Jerusalem with a man named Mnason, a Jew who was originally from Cyprus.

MOAB   מוֹאָב   m   Biblical
Means “of his father” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Lot. He was the ancestor of the Moabites, a people who lived in the region called Moab to the east of Israel.

MORDECAI   מָרְדֳּכַי   m   Biblical, Hebrew
Means “servant of MARDUK” in Persian. In the Old Testament, Mordecai is the cousin and foster father of Esther.

MORDOKHAY   מָרְדֳּכַי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MORDECAI

MORIAH   מֹרִיָה   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English (Modern)
Possibly means “seen by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This is a place name in the Old Testament, both the land where Abraham is to sacrifice Isaac and the mountain upon which Solomon builds the temple. They may be the same place. Since the 1980s it has occasionally been used as a feminine given name in America.

MOSES   מֹשֶׁה   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name מֹשֶׁה (Mosheh) which is most likely derived from Egyptian mes meaning “son”, but could also possibly mean “deliver” in Hebrew. The meaning suggested in the Old Testament of “drew out” from Hebrew משה (mashah) is probably an invented etymology. The biblical Moses was drawn out of the Nile by the pharaoh’s daughter. He led the Jews out of captivity in Egypt and received the Ten Commandments from God. In England, this name has been commonly used by Christians since the Protestant Reformation, though it had long been popular among Jews.

MOSHE   מֹשֶׁה   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of MOSES

MOUSES   Μωυσης   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of MOSES

MOYSEI   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of MOSES

MOYSES   m   Biblical Latin
Variant Latin form of MOSES. This spelling is used in some versions of the Vulgate.

NA’AMAH   נַעֲמָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of NAAMAH

NAAMAH   נַעֲמָה   f   Biblical, Hebrew
Means “pleasant” in Hebrew. This name is borne in the Old Testament by both a daughter of Lamech and a wife of Solomon. Some later Jewish texts give Naamah as the name of Noah’s wife, even though she is not named in the Old Testament.

NABOUCHODONOSOR   Ναβουχοδονοσορ   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of NEBUCHADNEZZAR

NABUCHODONOSOR   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of NEBUCHADNEZZAR

NACHUM   נַחוּם   m   Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of NAHUM

NADAB   Ναδαβ   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “generous” in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron in the Old Testament. He was consumed by flames and killed when he offered unauthorized fire to God.

NADAV   נָדָב   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NADAB

NAHOR   נָחוֹר   m   Biblical
Means “snorting” in Hebrew. Nahor is the name of both the grandfather and a brother of Abraham in the Old Testament.

NAHUM   נַחוּם   m   Biblical
Means “comforter” in Hebrew. Nahum is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He authored the Book of Nahum in which the downfall of Nineveh is foretold.

NA’OMI   נָעֳמִי   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NAOMI (1)

NAOMI (1)   נָעֳמִי   f   English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name נָעֳמִי (Na’omiy) meaning “pleasantness”. In the Old Testament this is the name of the mother-in-law of Ruth. After the death of her husband, Naomi took the name Mara (see Ruth 1:20). Though previously common as a Jewish name, Naomi was not typically used as an English Christian name until after the Protestant Reformation.

NAOUM   Ναουμ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of NAHUM used in the Greek Old Testament.

NAPHTALI   נַפְתָלִי   m   Biblical
Means “wrestling” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a son of Jacob by Rachel’s servant Bilhah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

NARCISSUS   Ναρκισσος   m   Greek Mythology (Latinized), Late Roman, Biblical
Latinized form of Greek Ναρκισσος (Narkissos), possibly derived from ναρκη (narke) meaning “sleep, numbness”. Narkissos was a beautiful youth in Greek mythology who stared at his own reflection for so long that he eventually died and was turned into the narcissus flower. This name appears briefly in the epistles in the New Testament and was also borne by a few early saints, including a 2nd-century patriarch of Jerusalem. It has been used to the present, especially in Catholic regions, usually in honour of the saint as opposed to the mythological character.

NATAN   נָתָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NATHAN

NATHAN   Ναθαν   m   English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “he gave” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a prophet and a son of King David. It has been used as a Christian given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation.

NATHANAEL   Ναθαναηλ   m   Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name נְתַנְאֵל (Netan’el) meaning “God has given”. In the New Testament this is the name of an apostle also known as Bartholomew.

NATHANAHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of NATHANAEL used in the Latin Bible.

NATHANIEL   m   English, Biblical
Variant of NATHANAEL. It has been regularly used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. This has been the most popular spelling, even though the spelling Nathanael is found in most versions of the New Testament. The American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), author of ‘The Scarlet Letter’, was a famous bearer of this name.

NEBO   m   Biblical
Form of NABU used in the Old Testament.

NEBUCHADNEZZAR   m   Ancient Near Eastern (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Akkadian name Nabu-kudurri-usur meaning “NABU preserve my firstborn son”. This name was borne by a 12th-century BC king of the Babylonian Empire. It was also borne by a 6th-century BC king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. He captured Jerusalem, and ultimately destroyed the city’s temple and deported many of its citizens, as told in the Old Testament.

NECHEMYAH   נְחֶמְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NEHEMIAH

NEEMIAS   Νεεμιας   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of NEHEMIAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

NEHEMIAH   נְחֶמְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “comforted by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. According to the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament he was a leader of the Jews who was responsible for the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the return from the Babylonian captivity.

NEKODA   נְקוֹדָא   m   Biblical
Means “marked” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the head of a family of temple servants.

NEREUS   Νηρευς   m   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Derived from Greek νηρος (neros) meaning “water”. In Greek myth this was the name of a god of the sea, the father of the Nereids. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament, belonging to a Christian in Rome. This was also the name of a Roman saint of the 1st century, a member of the army, who was martyred with his companion Achilleus because they refused to execute Christians.

NERIAH   נֵרִיָה   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “lamp of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Baruch in the Old Testament.

NETANYAHU   נְתַנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NETHANIAH

NETHANEL   נְתַנְאֵל   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NATHANAEL used in the Old Testament.

NETHANIAH   נְתַנְיָהוּ   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has given” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Ishmael’s father, as well as other minor characters.

NEVUKHADNETZTZAR   נְבוּכַדְנֶאצֲּר   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NEBUCHADNEZZAR

NICODEMUS   Νικοδημος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Greek name Νικοδημος (Nikodemos) which meant “victory of the people” from Greek νικη (nike) “victory” and δημος (demos) “the people”. This is the name of a character in the New Testament who helps Joseph of Arimathea entomb Jesus.

NIKODEMOS   Νικοδημος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Greek
Original Greek form of NICODEMUS

NIMROD   נִמְרֹד   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Akkadian origin or possibly meaning “rebel” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Nimrod is a renowned hunter, the great-grandson of Noah. He was the founder of Babylon.

NOA (1)   נוֹעָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical
Hebrew form of NOAH (2)

NOACH   נוֹחַ   m   Hebrew, Dutch, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew and Dutch form of NOAH (1)

NO’AH   נוֹעָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NOAH (2)

NOAH (1)   נוֹחַ   m   English, Biblical
Derived from the Hebrew name נוֹחַ (Noach) meaning “rest, comfort”. According to the Old Testament, Noah was the builder of the Ark that allowed him, his family, and animals of each species to survive the great Flood. After the Flood he received the sign of the rainbow as a covenant from God. As an English Christian name, Noah has been used since the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans.

NOAH (2)   נוֹעָה   f   Biblical
Derived from the Hebrew name נוֹעָה (No’ah) meaning “motion”. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Zelophehad.

NOE   Νωε   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of NOAH (1) used in the Greek and Latin Bible.

NOEMI   f   Italian, Czech, Biblical Latin
Italian and Czech form of NAOMI (1)

NOEMIN   Νωεμιν   f   Biblical Greek
Form of NAOMI (1) used in the Greek Old Testament.

NOGAH   נֹגַה   m & f   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “brightness” in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of King David in the Old Testament. In modern times it is sometimes used as a feminine name.

OBADIAH   עֹבַדְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “servant of YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets in the Old Testament.

OBED   עוֹבֵד   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “servant, worshipper” in Hebrew. This is the name of several Old Testament characters including the grandfather of David.

ODED   עֹדֵד   m   Biblical
Means “to restore” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a prophet from Samaria.

OFIR   אוֹפִיר   m & f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of OPHIR. In modern times it is also used as a feminine name.

‘OFRAH   עָפְרָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of OPHRAH

OHAD   אֹהַד   m   Biblical
Means “united” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the third son of Simeon.

OMAR (2)   אוֹמָר   m   Biblical
Means “speaker” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Eliphaz in the Old Testament.

OMRI   עָמְרִי   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “my sheaf” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Israel.

ONESIMOS   Ονησιμος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of ONESIMUS

ONESIMUS   Ονησιμος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ονησιμος (Onesimos), which meant “beneficial, profitable”. Saint Onesimus was an escaped slave of Philemon who met Saint Paul while in prison and was converted by him. Paul sent him back to Philemon carrying the epistle that appears in the New Testament.

ONESIPHOROS   Ονησιφορος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Original Greek form of ONESIPHORUS

ONESIPHORUS   Ονησιφορος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ονησιφορος (Onesiphoros), which meant “bringing advantage, beneficial”. This name is mentioned briefly in Paul’s second epistle to Timothy in the New Testament. According to tradition he was martyred by being tied to horses and then torn apart.

ONISIMU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ONESIMUS

OPHIR   אוֹפִיר   m   Biblical
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a son of Joktan in the Old Testament (where it is also used as a place name).

OPHRAH   עָפְרָה   m   Biblical
Means “fawn” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a man mentioned in genealogies and a city in Manasseh.

‘ORPAH   עָרְפָּה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ORPAH

ORPAH   עָרְפָּה   f   Biblical
Means “back of the neck” in Hebrew. Orpah was Naomi’s second daughter-in-law in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament.

ORPHA   f   Biblical, English
Variant of ORPAH used in some translations of the Bible.

OSEE   Ωσηε   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of HOSHEA (and HOSEA) used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

OSHEA   הוֹשֵׁעַ   m   Biblical
Variant of HOSHEA used in some versions of the Bible.

OTHNIEL   עָתְנִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “lion of God” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the nephew of Caleb who becomes the first judge of Israel.

OURBANOS   Ουρβανος   m   Biblical Greek
Form of URBAN used in the Greek New Testament.

OURI   Ουρι   m   Biblical Greek
Form of URI used in the Greek Old Testament.

OURIAS   Ουριας   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of URIAH

‘OVADYAH   עֹבַדְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of OBADIAH

OVED   עוֹבֵד   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of OBED

OZAZIAS   Οζαζιας   m   Biblical Greek
Form of AZAZIAH used in the Greek Bible.

OZI   Οζι   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of UZZI used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

OZIAS   Οζιας   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of UZZIAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

OZIEL   Οζιηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of UZZIEL used in the Greek Old Testament.

OZIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of UZZIEL used in the Latin Old Testament.

PALLU   פַּלּוּא   m   Biblical
Means “distinguished” in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Reuben in the Old Testament.

PAUL   m   English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Biblical
From the Roman family name Paulus, which meant “small” or “humble” in Latin. Saint Paul was an important leader of the early Christian church, his story told in Acts in the New Testament. His original Hebrew name was Saul. Most of the epistles in the New Testament were authored by him. Due to the renown of Saint Paul the name became common among early Christians. It was borne by a number of other early saints and six popes. In England it was relatively rare during the Middle Ages, but became more frequent beginning in the 17th century. A notable bearer was the American Revolutionary War figure Paul Revere (1735-1818), who warned of the advance of the British army. Famous bearers in the art world include the French impressionists Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) and Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), and the Swiss expressionist Paul Klee (1879-1940). It is borne by British musician Paul McCartney (1942-). This is also the name of the legendary American lumberjack Paul Bunyan.

PAULOS   Παυλος   m   Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of PAUL

PAULUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of PAUL

PAVELU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of PAULUS

PELEG   פֶּלֶג   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Means “division, channel” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the son of Eber.

PENINNAH   פְּנִנָּה   f   Biblical
Means “precious stone” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the wives of Elkanah.

PENUEL   פְנוּאֵל   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “face of God” in Hebrew. This is the name of two minor characters in the Old Testament.

PERSIS   f   Biblical
Greek name meaning “Persian woman”. This was the name of a woman mentioned in Paul’s epistle to the Romans in the New Testament.

PETER   m   English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Slovak, Biblical
Derived from the Greek Πετρος (Petros) meaning “stone”. This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas, meaning “stone” in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon by Jesus (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus’ ministry and is often considered the first pope. Due to the renown of the apostle, this name became common throughout the Christian world (in various spellings). In England the Normans introduced it in the Old French form Piers, which was gradually replaced by the spelling Peter starting in the 15th century. Besides the apostle, other saints by this name include the 11th-century reformer Saint Peter Damian and the 13th-century preacher Saint Peter Martyr. It was also borne by rulers of Aragon, Portugal, and Russia, including the Russian tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725), who defeated Sweden in the Great Northern War. Famous fictional bearers include Peter Rabbit from Beatrix Potter’s children’s books, and Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up in J. M. Barrie’s 1904 play.

PETROS   Πετρος   m   Greek, Armenian, Biblical Greek
Greek and Armenian form of PETER

PETRU   m   Romanian, Corsican, Old Church Slavic
Romanian and Corsican form of PETER. It is also the form used in the Church Slavic New Testament.

PETRUS   m   Dutch, German, Biblical Latin
Latin form of PETER used in Dutch and German.

PHANOUEL   Φανουηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of PENUEL

PHANUEL   Φανουηλ   m   Biblical, Judeo-Christian Legend
Form of PENUEL used in the New Testament, where it is borne by the father of Anna the prophetess. It also appears in the apocryphal Book of Enoch belonging to an angel.

PHANUHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of PENUEL in the Latin New Testament.

PHEBE   f   English, Biblical
Variant of PHOEBE used in some translations of the New Testament.

PHELIX   Φηλιξ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of FELIX used in the Greek New Testament.

PHESTOS   Φηστος   m   Biblical Greek
Form of FESTUS used in the Greek New Testament.

PHILEMON   m   Biblical
Means “affectionate” in Greek. Philemon was the recipient of one of Paul’s epistles in the New Testament.

PHILETUS   m   Biblical
Means “beloved” in Greek. In the New Testament, Philetus is a heretic in the church at Ephesus.

PHILIP   m   English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical
From the Greek name Φιλιππος (Philippos) which means “friend of horses”, composed of the elements φιλος (philos) “friend, lover” and ‘ιππος (hippos) “horse”. This was the name of five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great. The name appears in the New Testament belonging to two people who are regarded as saints. First, one of the twelve apostles, and second, an early figure in the Christian church known as Philip the Deacon. This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians, though it came to the West by the Middle Ages. It was borne by six kings of France and five kings of Spain. It was regularly used in England during the Middle Ages, although the Spanish king Philip II, who attempted an invasion of England, helped make it less common by the 17th-century. It was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. A famous bearer was the Elizabethan courtier and poet Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586).

PHILIPPOS   Φιλιππος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHILIP

PHILIPPUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of PHILIP

PHINEAS   m   Biblical
Variant of PHINEHAS used in some versions of the Bible.

PHINEES   Φινεες   m   Biblical Greek
Form of PHINEHAS used in the Greek Old Testament.

PHINEHAS   פִּינְחָס   m   Biblical
Probably means “Nubian” from the Egyptian name Panhsj, though some believe it means “serpent’s mouth” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Phinehas is a grandson of Aaron who kills an Israelite because he is intimate with a Midianite woman, thus stopping a plague sent by God. Also in the Bible this is the son of Eli, killed in battle with the Philistines.

PHOEBE   Φοιβη   f   English, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Φοιβη (Phoibe), which meant “bright, pure” from Greek φοιβος (phoibos). In Greek mythology Phoibe was a Titan associated with the moon. This was also an epithet of her granddaughter, the moon goddess Artemis. The name appears in Paul’s epistle to the Romans in the New Testament, where it belongs to a female minister in the church at Cenchreae. In England, it began to be used as a given name after the Protestant Reformation. A moon of Saturn bears this name (in honour of the Titan).

PHOIBE   Φοιβη   f   Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHOEBE

PHUNIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of PENUEL in the Latin Old Testament.

PINCHAS   פִּינְחָס   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of PHINEHAS

PONTIUS   m   Ancient Roman, Biblical
Roman family name possibly derived from the name of the ancient province of Pontus in Asia Minor, itself probably derived from Greek ποντος (pontos) “sea”. Alternatively, the Roman family name could be related to Latin pons meaning “bridge”. A notable bearer of this name was Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea who appears in the New Testament.

PRISCA   f   Biblical, Dutch, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Feminine form of Priscus, a Roman family name which meant “ancient” in Latin. This name appears in the epistles in the New Testament, referring to Priscilla the wife of Aquila.

PRISCILLA   f   English, Italian, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman name, a diminutive of PRISCA. In Acts in the New Testament Paul lived with Priscilla and her husband Aquila in Corinth for a while. It has been used as an English given name since the Protestant Reformation, being popular with the Puritans. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow used it in his poem ‘The Courtship of Miles Standish’ (1858).

PRISKA   Πρισκα   f   German, Biblical Greek
German form of PRISCA, as well as the form used in the Greek New Testament.

PRISKILLA   Πρισκιλλα   f   Biblical Greek
Form of PRISCILLA used in the Greek New Testament.

PROCHOROS   Προχορος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PROCHORUS

PROCHORUS   Προχορος   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Προχορος (Prochoros) which meant “leader of the dance”. Saint Prochorus was one of the original seven deacons, as told in Acts in the New Testament.

RACHEL   Ραχηλ   f   English, Hebrew, French, German, Dutch, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name רָחֵל (Rachel) meaning “ewe”. In the Old Testament this is the name of the favourite wife of Jacob and the mother of Joseph and Benjamin. The name was common among Jews in the Middle Ages, but it was not generally used as a Christian name in the English-speaking world until after the Protestant Reformation.

RAFA’EL   רָפָאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of RAPHAEL. This name does not appear in any surviving Hebrew text of the Old Testament Apocrypha.

RAHAB   רָחָב   f   Biblical
Means “spacious” in Hebrew. This was the name of a prostitute of Jericho who aided the Israelites in the Old Testament.

RAHEL   f   Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of RACHEL

RAM (1)   רָם   m   Biblical
Means “exalted” in Hebrew. This was a son of Hezron in the Old Testament.

RAPHAEL   Ραφαηλ   m   German, French, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa’el) which meant “God has healed”. In Hebrew tradition Raphael was the name of one of the seven archangels. He appears in the Old Testament in the Book of Tobit, where it is told how he aided Tobias. This name has never been common in the English-speaking world, though it has been well-used elsewhere in Europe. A famous bearer was the 16th-century Renaissance master Raphael Sanzio (usually known simply as Raphael).

REBECCA   רִבְקָה   f   English, Italian, Swedish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name רִבְקָה (Rivqah), possibly meaning “a snare” in Hebrew, or perhaps derived from an Aramaic name. This is the name of the wife of Isaac and the mother of Esau and Jacob in the Old Testament. It came into use as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular with the Puritans in the 17th century.

REBEKAH   רִבְקָה   f   Biblical, English
Form of REBECCA used in some versions of the Bible.

REBEKKA   Ρεβεκκα   f   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Biblical Greek
German, Dutch, Danish and Norwegian form of REBECCA. It is also the form used in the Greek Old Testament.

REHOBOAM   רֵחַבְעָם   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name רֵחַבְעָם (Rechav’am) meaning “he enlarges the people”. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Solomon. He succeeded his father as king of Israel, but his subjects eventually revolted because of high taxes. This resulted in the division of the kingdom into Israel and Judah.

REUBEN   רְאוּבֵן   m   Biblical, Hebrew, English
Means “behold, a son” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the eldest son of Jacob and Leah and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. It has been used as a Christian name in Britain since the Protestant Reformation.

REUEL   רְעוּאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “friend of God” in Hebrew. The fantasy author John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was a famous bearer of this name.

REUVEN   רְאוּבֵן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of REUBEN

RHODA   f   Biblical, English
Derived from Greek ‘ροδον (rhodon) meaning “rose”. In the New Testament this name was borne by a maid in the house of Mary the mother of John Mark. As an English given name, Rhoda came into use in the 17th century.

RHODE   ‘Ροδη   f   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Greek form of RHODA

RIVQAH   רִיבְקָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew form of REBECCA

ROUBEN   Ρουβην   m   Biblical Greek, Armenian
Biblical Greek form of REUBEN, as well as a variant transcription of Armenian RUBEN.

ROUTH   Ρουθ   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of RUTH (1)

RUBEN   m   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, French, Armenian, Biblical Latin
Scandinavian, Dutch, French and Armenian form of REUBEN. This was the name of an 11th-century Armenian ruler of Cilicia.

RUFUS   m   Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Roman cognomen which meant “red-haired” in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul’s epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.

RUT   רוּת   f   Spanish, Swedish, Icelandic, German, Italian, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Cognate of RUTH (1)

RUTH (1)   רוּת   f   English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From a Hebrew name which was derived from the Hebrew word רְעוּת (re’ut) meaning “friend”. This is the name of the central character in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament, a Moabite woman who was the ancestor of King David. As a Christian name, Ruth has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. It became very popular in America following the birth of “Baby” Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

RUTHI   f   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of RUTH (1)

SAFFIRA   f   Biblical Latin
Latin form of SAPPHIRA

SALATHIEL   Σαλαθιηλ   m   Biblical, Biblical Greek
Greek form of SHEALTIEL. This form is also used in some English versions of the Bible.

SALATHIHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of SALATHIEL

SALOME   Σαλωμη   f   English, German, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From an Aramaic name which was related to the Hebrew word שָׁלוֹם (shalom) meaning “peace”. According to the historian Josephus this was the name of the daughter of Herodias (the consort of Herod Antipas, the tetrarch of Galilee). In the New Testament, though a specific name is not given, it was a daughter of Herodias who danced for Herod and was rewarded with the head of John the Baptist, and thus Salome and the dancer have traditionally been equated. As a Christian given name, Salome has been in occasional use since the Protestant Reformation. This was due to a second person of this name in the New Testament: one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion and later discovered that Jesus’ tomb was empty.

SALOMON   Σαλωμων   m   French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
French, Scandinavian, Finnish and Polish form of SOLOMON

SAMOUEL   Σαμουηλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of SAMUEL found in the Greek Old Testament.

SAMPSON (1)   Σαμψων   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of Shimshon (see SAMSON).

SAMSON   שִׁמְשׁוֹן   m   Biblical, English, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Shimshon) which probably meant “sun”. Samson was an Old Testament hero granted exceptional strength by God. His mistress Delilah betrayed him and cut his hair, stripping him of his power. Thus he was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and brought to their temple. However, in a final act of strength, he pulled down the pillars of the temple upon himself and his captors. This name was known among the Normans due to the Welsh bishop Saint Samson, who founded monasteries in Brittany and Normandy in the 6th century. In his case, the name may have been a translation of his true Celtic name. As an English name, Samson was common during the Middle Ages, having been introduced by the Normans.

SAMUEL   שְׁמוּאֵל   m   English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu’el) which could mean either “name of God” or “God has heard”. Samuel was the last of the ruling judges in the Old Testament. He anointed Saul to be the first king of Israel, and later anointed David. As a Christian name, Samuel came into common use after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include American inventor Samuel Morse (1791-1872), Irish writer Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), and American author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), who wrote under the pen name Mark Twain.

SAMUHEL   m   Biblical Latin
Form of SAMUEL found in the Latin Old Testament.

SAMUILU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of SAMUEL

SAOUL   Σαουλ   m   Biblical Greek
Form of SAUL used in the Greek Old Testament.

SAPPHEIRE   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of SAPPHIRA

SAPPHIRA   f   Biblical
From the Greek name Σαπφειρη (Sappheire), which was from Greek σαπφειρος (sappheiros) meaning “sapphire” or “lapis lazuli” (ultimately derived from the Hebrew word סַפִּיר (sappir)). Sapphira is a character in Acts in the New Testament who is killed by God for lying.

SARAH   שָׂרָה   f   English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “lady” or “princess” in Hebrew. This is the name of the wife of Abraham in the Old Testament. She became the mother of Isaac at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai, but God changed it (see Genesis 17:15). In England, Sarah came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

SARAI   שָׂרָי   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “my princess” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, this was Sarah’s name before God changed it (see Genesis 17:15).

SARRA   Σαρρα   f   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic
Biblical Greek and Latin form of SARAH

SATAN   שָׂטָן   m   Theology, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew שָׂטָן (satan) meaning “adversary”. This is the Hebrew name of the enemy of the Judeo-Christian god. In the New Testament he is also known by the title Devil (Diabolos in Greek).

SAUL   שָׁאוּל   m   Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שָׁאוּל (Sha’ul) which meant “asked for” or “prayed for”. This was the name of the first king of Israel who ruled just before King David, as told in the Old Testament. Also, Saul was the original Hebrew name of Saint Paul.

SEFFORA   f   Biblical Latin
Latin form of ZIPPORAH

SELA   סֶלַע   f   Biblical
Means “rock” in Hebrew. This was the name of a city, the capital of Edom, in the Old Testament.

SELAH   סֶלַה   f   Biblical
From a Hebrew musical term which occurs many times in the Old Testament Psalms. It was probably meant to indicate a musical pause.

SEM   m   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Dutch
Form of SHEM used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

SEPPHORA   Σεπφωρα   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ZIPPORAH

SERAIAH   שְׂרָיָה   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “YAHWEH is ruler” in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament, including the father of Ezra.

SETH (1)   Σηθ   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means “placed” or “appointed” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the third named son of Adam and Eve. In England this name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

SHADRACH   שַׁדְרַך   m   Biblical
Means “command of Aku” in Akkadian, Aku being the name of the Babylonian god of the moon. In the Old Testament, Shadrach is the Babylonian name of Hananiah, one of the three men cast into a fiery furnace but saved by God.

SHAMGAR   שַׁמְגַר   m   Biblical
Possibly means “sword” in Hebrew. Shamgar was one of the Old Testament judges.

SHARAR   שָׁרָר   m   Biblical
Means “enemy” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Ahiam.

SHA’UL   שָׁאוּל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SAUL

SHE’ALTI’EL   שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SHEALTIEL

SHEALTIEL   שְׁאַלְתִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “I have asked of God” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Zerubbabel in the Old Testament.

SHEBA   שְׁבָא   m   Biblical
Means “oath” in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament. Also in the Bible, this is a place name, referring to a region in Ethiopia. The queen of Sheba visited Solomon after hearing of his wisdom.

SHELAH   שֵׁלָה   m   Biblical
Means “petition” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandson of Shem and a son of Judah.

SHELOMOH   שְׁלֹמֹה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of SOLOMON

SHEM   שֵׁם   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “name” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Shem is one of Noah’s three sons (along with Japheth and Ham) and the ancestor of the Semitic peoples.

SHEMAIAH   שְׁמַעְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “heard by YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This name is borne by several characters in the Old Testament including a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam.

SHEMA’YAH   שְׁמַעְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SHEMAIAH

SHEMER   שֶׁמֶר   m   Biblical
Possibly means “preserved” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the owner of the hill upon which Samaria was built.

SHEMU’EL   שְׁמוּאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of SAMUEL

SHERAH   שֶׁאֱרָה   f   Biblical
Means “kinswoman” in Hebrew. This was the name of a daughter of Ephraim in the Old Testament.

SHET   שֵׁת   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SETH (1)

SHIFRA   שִׁפְרָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SHIPHRAH

SHILOH   שִׁלוֹ, שִׁילֹה   m & f   Biblical
From an Old Testament place name possibly meaning “tranquil” in Hebrew. It is also used prophetically in the Old Testament to refer to a person, often understood to be the Messiah (see Genesis 49:10). This may in fact be a mistranslation. This name was brought to public attention after Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie gave it to their daughter in 2006.

SHIMON   שִׁמְעוֹן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SIMON

SHIMSHON   שִׁמְשׁוֹן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SAMSON

SHIPHRAH   שִׁפְרָה   f   Biblical
Means “beautiful” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the midwives who disobeys the Pharaoh’s order to kill any Hebrew boys they deliver.

SHOSHANNAH   שׁוֹשַׁנָּה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SUSANNA

SHULAMITE   שׁוּלַמִּית   f   Biblical
Variant of SHULAMMITE used in some versions of the Bible.

SHULAMMIT   שׁוּלַמִּית   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SHULAMMITE

SHULAMMITE   שׁוּלַמִּית   f   Hebrew, Biblical
Derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom) “peace”. This name occurs in the Song of Songs in the Old Testament.

SILAS   Σιλας   m   English, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Short form of SILVANUS. This is the name of a companion of Saint Paul in the New Testament. It was not used as an English name until after the Protestant Reformation.

SILOUANOS   Σιλουανος   m   Biblical Greek
Form of SILVANUS used in the Greek New Testament.

SILVANUS   m   Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman name derived from Latin silva “wood, forest”. Silvanus was the Roman god of forests. This name appears in the New Testament belonging to one of Saint Paul’s companions, also called Silas.

SIMEON   שִׁמְעוֹן   m   Biblical, Bulgarian, Serbian
From the Hebrew name Shim’on (see SIMON). In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. In the New Testament this is the name of a man who blessed the newborn Jesus. It was also borne by a powerful 10th-century ruler of Bulgaria.

SIMON   Σιμων   m   English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Σιμων (Simon), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim’on) which meant “he has heard”. This was the name of several biblical characters, including the man who carried the cross for Jesus. However, the most important person of this name in the New Testament was the apostle Simon, also known as Peter (a name given to him by Jesus). Because of him, this name has been common in the Christian world. In England it was popular during the Middle Ages, though it became rarer after the Protestant Reformation.

SIMONU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of SIMON

SOLOMON   שְׁלֹמֹה   m   Biblical, English, Jewish
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh) which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom) “peace”. Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David, renowned for his wisdom. Supposedly, he wrote the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon in the Old Testament. This name has never been overly common in the Christian world, and it is considered typically Jewish.

SOUSANNA   Σουσαννα   f   Biblical Greek
Greek form of SUSANNA

STEFANU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of STEPHEN

STEPHANOS   Στεφανος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Greek
Ancient and modern Greek form of STEPHEN

STEPHANUS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of STEPHEN

STEPHEN   m   English, Biblical
From the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos) meaning “crown”. Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death, as told in Acts in the New Testament, and he is regarded as the first Christian martyr. Due to him, the name became common in the Christian world. It was popularized in England by the Normans. This was the name of kings of England, Serbia, and Poland, as well as ten popes. It was also borne by the first Christian king of Hungary (10th century), who is regarded as the patron saint of that country. More recent bearers include British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-) and the American author Stephen King (1947-).

SUSANNA   שׁוֹשַׁנָּה   f   Italian, Swedish, Finnish, Russian, Dutch, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Old Church Slavic
From Σουσαννα (Sousanna), the Greek form of the Hebrew name שׁוֹשַׁנָּה (Shoshannah). This was derived from the Hebrew word שׁוֹשָׁן (shoshan) meaning “lily” (in modern Hebrew this also means “rose”), perhaps ultimately from Egyptian sšn “lotus”. In the Old Testament Apocrypha this is the name of a woman falsely accused of adultery. The prophet Daniel clears her name by tricking her accusers, who end up being condemned themselves. It also occurs in the New Testament belonging to a woman who ministered to Christ. As an English name, it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages in honour of the Old Testament heroine. It did not become common until after the Protestant Reformation, at which time it was often spelled Susan.

SUSANNAH   שׁוֹשַׁנָּה   f   Biblical
Form of SUSANNA found in some versions of the Old Testament.

SYMEON   Συμεων   m   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Old Testament Greek and Latin form of SIMEON

SYMEONU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of SIMEON

SYNTYCHE   Συντυχη   f   Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning “common fate”. This is the name of a woman mentioned in Paul’s epistle to the Philippians in the New Testament.

TABITA   f   Biblical Latin
Latin form of TABITHA

TABITHA   Ταβιθα   f   English, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means “gazelle” in Aramaic. Tabitha in the New Testament was a woman restored to life by Saint Peter. Her name is translated into Greek as Dorcas (see Acts 9:36). As an English name, Tabitha became common after the Protestant Reformation. It was popularized in the 1960s by the television show ‘Bewitched’, in which Tabitha (sometimes spelled Tabatha) is the daughter of the main character.

TALITHA   f   Biblical
Means “little girl” in Aramaic. The name is taken from the phrase talitha cumi meaning “little girl arise” spoken by Jesus in order to restore a young girl to life (see Mark 5:41).

TALMAI   תַּלְמַי   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “furrowed” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by both a giant and also the father of King David’s wife Maacah.

TAMAR   תָּמָר   f   Hebrew, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “palm tree” in Hebrew. Tamar is the daughter-in-law of Judah in the Old Testament. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of a daughter of David. This name was borne by a 12th-century ruling queen of Georgia who presided over the kingdom at the peak of its power.

TEKOA   תְּקוֹעָ   m   Biblical
Means “stockade” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a both a city and a son of Ashhur.

TEMAN   תֵּימָן   m   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “right hand” or “south” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Esau for whom the town of Teman in Edom was named.

TERACH   תֶּרַח   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of TERAH

TERAH   תֶּרַח   m   Biblical
Possibly means “wild goat” or “station” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Terah is the father of Abraham.

THADDAEUS   m   Biblical
Form of THADDEUS used in most English versions of the New Testament.

THADDAIOS   Θαδδαιος   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of THADDEUS

THADDEUS   m   English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Θαδδαιος (Thaddaios), the Greek form of the Aramaic name Thaddai. It is possibly derived from a word meaning “heart”, but it may in fact be an Aramaic form of a Greek name such as Θεοδωρος (see THEODORE). In the Gospel of Matthew, Thaddaeus is listed as one of the twelve apostles, though elsewhere in the New Testament his name is omitted and Jude’s appears instead. It is likely that the two names refer to the same person.

THAMAR   Θαμαρ   f   Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Form of TAMAR used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

THEOPHILUS   Θεοφιλος   m   Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοφιλος (Theophilos) which meant “friend of god”, derived from θεος (theos) “god” and φιλος (philos) “friend”. In the New Testament the evangelist Luke addresses his gospel and the Book of Acts to a man named Theophilus.

THERSA   Θερσα   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of TIRZAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

THOMA   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of THOMAS

THOMAS   Θωμας   m   English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of the Aramaic name תָּאוֹמָא (Ta’oma’) which meant “twin”. In the New Testament this is the name of the apostle who initially doubts the resurrected Jesus. According to tradition he was martyred in India. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world. In England the name was introduced by the Normans and became very popular due to Saint Thomas Becket, a 12th-century archbishop of Canterbury and martyr. Another notable saint by this name was the 13th-century Italian philosopher and theologian Thomas Aquinas, who is regarded as a Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), American president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), novelist Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), and inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931).

TIMAEUS   Τιμαιος   m   Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Τιμαιος (Timaios) meaning “honour”. This is the name of one of Plato’s dialogues, featuring Timaeus and Socrates. Timaeus is also the name of a person mentioned briefly in the New Testament (Mark 10:46).

TIMAIOS   Τιμαιος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TIMAEUS

TIMEUS   m   Biblical
Variant of TIMAEUS

TIMON   Τιμων   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Dutch
Derived from Greek τιμη (time) meaning “honour, esteem”. It appears briefly in the New Testament. This is also the name of the main character in Shakespeare’s tragedy ‘Timon of Athens’ (1607).

TIMOTHEI   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of TIMOTHY

TIMOTHEOS   Τιμοθεος   m   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TIMOTHY

TIMOTHEUS   Τιμοθεος   m   Biblical Latin, German, Dutch
Latinized form of Timotheos (see TIMOTHY).

TIMOTHY   m   English, Biblical
From the Greek name Τιμοθεος (Timotheos) meaning “honouring God”, derived from τιμαω (timao) “to honour” and θεος (theos) “god”. Saint Timothy was a companion of Paul on his missionary journeys and was the recipient of two of Paul’s epistles that appear in the New Testament. According to tradition, he was martyred at Ephesus after protesting the worship of Artemis. As an English name, Timothy was not used until after the Protestant Reformation.

TIRAS   תִּירָס   m   Biblical
Possibly means “desire” in Hebrew. Tiras is a grandson of Noah in the Old Testament.

TIRTZAH   תִּרְצָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of TIRZAH

TIRZAH   תִּרְצָה   f   Biblical
From the Hebrew name תִּרְצָה (Tirtzah) meaning “favourable”. Tirzah is the name of one of the daughters of Zelophehad in the Old Testament. It also occurs in the Old Testament as a place name, the early residence of the kings of the northern kingdom.

TITOS   Τιτος   m   Biblical Greek
Form of TITUS used in the Greek New Testament.

TITU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of TITUS

TITUS   m   Ancient Roman, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to Latin titulus “title of honour”. In the New Testament, Titus is a companion of Saint Paul. He became the first bishop of Crete and was the recipient of one of Paul’s epistles. This name was also borne by a 1st-century Roman emperor. Shakespeare later used it for the main character in his tragedy ‘Titus Andronicus’ (1593). As an English name, Titus has been occasionally used since the Protestant Reformation.

TOBIAH   טוֹבִיָּה   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name טוֹבִיָּה (Toviyyah) which meant “YAHWEH is good”. This was the name of an Ammonite in the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament.

TOBIAS   Τωβιας   m   Biblical, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TOBIAH. This is the name of the hero of the apocryphal Book of Tobit in many English versions of the Old Testament. It relates how Tobias, with the help of the archangel Raphael, is able to drive away a demon who has been plaguing Sarah, who subsequently becomes his wife. This story was popular in the Middle Ages, and the name came into occasional use in parts of Europe at that time. In England it became common after the Protestant Reformation.

TOVIYYAH   טוֹבִיָּה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of TOBIAH

TRYPHAINA   Τρυφαινα   f   Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of TRYPHENA

TRYPHENA   f   Biblical
From the Greek name Τρυφαινα (Tryphaina), derived from Greek τρυφη (tryphe) meaning “softness, delicacy”. This name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament.

TRYPHOSA   Τρυφωσα   f   Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφη (tryphe) meaning “softness, delicacy”. In the New Testament this name is mentioned briefly as belonging to a companion of Tryphena.

TZEFANYAH   צְפַנְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZEPHANIAH

TZIDKIYAHU   צִדְקִיָּהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZEDEKIAH

TZILLAH   צִלָּה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ZILLAH
TZION   צִיוֹן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZION

TZIPPORAH   צִפּוֹרָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ZIPPORAH

TZIVAH   צִיבָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ZIBA (2)

URBAN   m   Danish, Swedish, German, Polish, Slovene, Biblical, History
From the Latin name Urbanus which meant “city dweller”. This name is mentioned briefly in one of Paul’s epistles in the New Testament. It was subsequently borne by eight popes.

URBANUS   m   Late Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of URBAN

‘URI   אוּרִי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of URI

URI   אוּרִי   m   Biblical, Biblical Latin, Hebrew
Means “my light” in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Bezalel in the Old Testament.

URIAH   אוּרִיָה   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיָה (‘Uriyah) which meant “YAHWEH is my light”. In the Old Testament this is the name of a Hittite warrior in King David’s army, the first husband of Bathsheba. David desired Bathsheba so he placed Uriah in the forefront of battle so he would be killed.

URIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of URIAH

URIEL   אוּרִיאֵל   m   Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיאֵל (‘Uri’el) which meant “God is my light”. Uriel was one of the seven archangels in Hebrew tradition. He is mentioned only in the Apocrypha.

URIJAH   אוּרִיָה   m   Biblical
Form of URIAH used in some English versions of the Old Testament (for a character in the Book of Jeremiah).

‘URIYAH   אוּרִיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of URIAH

‘URIY’EL   אוּרִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew form of URIEL

UZZI   עֻזִּי   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “my power” in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.

UZZIAH   עֻזִּיָּה   m   Biblical
Means “my power is YAHWEH” in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters including a king of Judah.

UZZIEL   עֻזִּיאֵל   m   Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Means “my power is God” in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.

‘UZZIYYAH   עֻזִּיָּה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of UZZIAH

VARNAVA   m   Russian, Old Church Slavic
Russian form of BARNABAS

VASHTI   וַשְׁתִּי   f   Biblical
Possibly means “thread” in Hebrew, but it is most likely of Persian origin. In the Old Testament this is the name of the first wife of King Ahasuerus of Persia before he marries Esther.

VENIAMINU   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of BENJAMIN

WASHTI   וַשְׁתִּי   f   Biblical Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew form of VASHTI

YAAKOV   יַעֲקֹב   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JACOB

YACHIN   יָכִין   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JACHIN

YADON   יָדוֹן   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JADON

YAEL   יָעֵל   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JAEL

YAIR   יָאִיר   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JAIR

YA’RAH   יַעְרָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of JARAH

YARED   יָרֶד   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JARED

YECHEZKEL   יְחֶזְקֵאל   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EZEKIEL

YECHI’EL   יְחִיאֵל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHIEL

YEDIDAH   יְדִידָה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEDIDAH

YEDIDYAH   יְדִידְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEDIDIAH

YEFET   יֶפֶת   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JAPHETH

YEHO’ASH   יְהוֹאָשׁ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHOASH

YEHOCHANAN   יְהוֹחָנָן   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of JOHN

YEHONATAN   יְהוֹנָתָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHONATHAN

YEHORAM   יְהוֹרָם   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHORAM

YEHOSHAFAT   יְהוֹשָׁפָט   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHOSHAPHAT

YEHOSHUA   יְהוֹשֻׁעַ   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOSHUA

YEHOYAKHIN   יְהוֹיָכִין   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHOIACHIN

YEHOYAKIM   יְהוֹיָקִים   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHOIAKIM

YEHU’   יְהוּא   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHU

YEHUDAH   יְהוּדָה   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JUDAH

YEHUDI   יְהוּדִי   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEHUDI

YEHUDIT   יְהוּדִית   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JUDITH

YEMIMA   יְמִימָה   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEMIMA

YERED   יֶרֶד   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JARED

YERIYAHU   יְרִיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JERIAH

YERUSHAH   יְרוּשָׁה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JERUSHA

YESHA’YAHU   יְשַׁעְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISAIAH

YESHUA   יֵשׁוּעַ   m   Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Aramaic
Contracted form of Yehoshu’a (see JOSHUA) used in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah in the Hebrew Old Testament. The form was also used in Aramaic, and was most likely the name represented by Greek Iesous (see JESUS) in the New Testament. This means it was probably the real name of Jesus.

YIFTACH   יִפְתַח   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JEPHTHAH

YIRMIYAHU   יִרְמְיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of JEREMIAH

YISHAI   יִשַׁי   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of JESSE

YISHMA’EL   יִשְׁמָעֵאל   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISHMAEL

YISHMERAY   יִשְׁמְרַי   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISHMERAI

YISKAH   יִסְכָּה   f   Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ISCAH

YISRA’EL   יִשְׂרָאֵל   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of ISRAEL

YISSAKHAR   יִשָּׂשׁכָר   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISSACHAR

YITZHAK   יִצְחָק   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISAAC. This was the name of two recent Israeli prime ministers.

YO’ASH   יְהוֹאָשׁ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOASH

YOAV   יוֹאָב   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOAB

YOCHANAN   יוֹחָנָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOHN. This is a contracted form of the longer name יְהוֹחָנָן (Yehochanan).

YOCHEVED   יוֹכֶבֶד   f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOCHEBED

YOEL   יוֹאֵל   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOEL

YONAH   יוֹנָה   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JONAH

YONATAN   יוֹנָתָן   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Original Hebrew form of JONATHAN

YORAM   יוֹרָם   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JORAM

YOSEF   יוֹסֵף   m   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOSEPH

YOSHIYAHU   יֹאשִׁיָהוּ   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOSIAH

YOTAM   יוֹתָם   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JOTHAM

YUVAL   יוּבָל   m & f   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JUBAL. It is used as a masculine and feminine name in modern Hebrew.

ZABOULON   Ζαβουλων   m   Biblical Greek
Greek form of ZEBULUN

ZABULON   m   Biblical Latin
Latin form of ZEBULUN

ZACCHAEUS   m   Biblical
From the Greek form of the Hebrew name זַכָּי (Zakkay) which meant “pure”. In the New Testament he is a tax collector of Jericho who gives half of his possessions to charity.

ZACCHARIAS   m   Biblical Latin
Form of ZACHARIAS used in the Latin Bible.

ZACHARIAH   m   English, Biblical
Variant of ZECHARIAH. This spelling is used in the King James Version of the Old Testament to refer to one of the kings of Israel (called Zechariah in other versions).

ZACHARIAS   Ζαχαριας   m   Biblical, Biblical Greek
Greek form of ZECHARIAH. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament to refer to the father of John the Baptist. It was also borne by an 8th-century pope (called Zachary in English).

ZADOK   צָדוֹק   m   Biblical
Means “righteous” in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament, most notably the high priest of Israel during the reigns of David and Solomon. Solomon was anointed by Zadok.

ZALMON   צַלְמוֹן   m   Biblical
Means “shady” in Hebrew. This is the name of one of David’s mighty men in the Old Testament.

ZAXARIA   m   Old Church Slavic
Old Slavic form of ZECHARIAH

ZEBADIAH   זְבַדְיָה   m   Biblical
Means “YAHWEH has bestowed” in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.

ZEBEDAIOS   Ζεβεδαιος   m   Biblical Greek
New Testament Greek form of ZEBEDEE

ZEBEDEE   Ζεβεδαιος   m   Biblical
From Ζεβεδαιος (Zebedaios), the Greek form of ZEBADIAH used in the New Testament, where it refers to the father of the apostles James and John.

ZEBULON   m   Biblical
Variant of ZEBULUN

ZEBULUN   זְבוּלֻן   m   Biblical
Possibly derived from Ugartic zbl meaning “prince”. Zebulun is the tenth son of Jacob in the Old Testament and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Genesis 30:20 implies two different roots for the name: זָבַל (zaval) “to honour” or “to dwell”, and זֵבֵד (zeved) “gift, dowry”. These are probably only folk etymologies.

ZECHARIAH   זְכַרְיָה   m   Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name זְכַרְיָה (Zekharyah) meaning “YAHWEH remembers”. This is the name of many characters in the Old Testament, including the prophet Zechariah, the author of the Book of Zechariah. The name also appears in the New Testament belonging to the father of John the Baptist, who was temporarily made dumb because of his disbelief. In some versions of the New Testament his name is spelled in the Greek form Zacharias. As an English name, it has been in occasional use since the Protestant Reformation.

ZEDEKIAH   צִדְקִיָּהוּ   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name צִדְקִיָּהוּ (Tzidqiyyahu) meaning “justice of YAHWEH”. In the Old Testament this is the name of the last king of Judah.

ZEKHARYAH   זְכַרְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZECHARIAH

ZELOPHEHAD   צְלָפְחָד   m   Biblical
Possibly means either “first born” or “shadow from terror” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Zelophehad is a man who dies while the Israelites are wandering in the wilderness, leaving five daughters as heirs.

ZELPHA   Ζελφα   f   Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of ZILPAH used in the Greek and Latin Old Testament.

ZEPHANIAH   צְפַנְיָה   m   Biblical
From the Hebrew name צְפַנְיָה (Tzefanyah) meaning “YAHWEH has hidden”. This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Zephaniah.

ZEVADYAH   זְבַדְיָה   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZEBADIAH

ZEVULUN   זְבוּלֻן   m   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ZEBULUN

ZIBA (2)   צִיבָה   m   Biblical
Means “station” in Hebrew. This was the name of a servant of Saul in the Old Testament.

ZIBIAH   צִבְיָה   f   Biblical
Means “roe, deer” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the mother of king Joash of Judah.

ZILLAH   צִלָּה   f   Biblical
Means “shade” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament she is the second wife of Lamech.

ZILPAH   זִלְפָּה   f   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means “frailty” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the slave-girl who was given to Jacob by Leah.

ZIMRI   זִמְרִי   m   Biblical
Means either “my praise” or “my music” in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Israel in the Old Testament who rules for only seven days.

ZION   צִיוֹן   m   Jewish, Biblical
From the name of a citadel which was in the center of Jerusalem. Zion is also used to refer to a Jewish homeland and to heaven.

ZIPPORAH   צִפּוֹרָה   f   Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name צִפּוֹרָה (Tzipporah) which meant “bird”. In the Old Testament she is the wife of Moses.

ZURIEL   צוּרִיאֵל   m   Biblical
Means “my rock is God” in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by a chief of the Merarite Levites at the time of the Exodus.

Porcelain

Eshon Burgundy
Porcelain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ot3jr1Vxl8

 

 

Eshon:
You put me in the fire for however long
Till all of my desire and my treasure gone
Till my so called power is devoured by the current circumstance
And I’m forced to throw up my hands

Outsiders inquire what kind of tip I’m on
Like they ain’t never seen a man get his submission on
When I think about everything that it cost him
Man I must have cost a fortune
PORCELAIN!

I’m on my prime time grind like nightline
Grip the instrumental through the pencil like a python
Squeezing till my breathing is coming through the pipeline
Wheezing but I still keep speaking as long as my mic on
Heart of a lion reconstructed and redeemed yo
Know your boy’s saved you can tell it by my lingo:
Holiness
Wholeness
Restored Fellowship
Boldness
Feed the poor
Check it as benevolence
Encouraged the celibate
Warn the promiscuous
Celebrate the father’s who navigate their descendants
I’m pro-life
What if it was your life?
Instant renewer of the mind
The paradigm has shifted
More promise then Keith Murray had in the beginning
More honest then truth serum
I’m batting every inning
When I hit them its in the clouds with the fowl of the air yeah
Flying through the firmament it’s permanently there
Pardon me just let me take a moment simply to declare
He is God;
he is how;
he is who;
he is where;
He the truth and the dare
And you can never shake him
He coming after one and leave the ninety-nine waiting
Now how am I hating with this analyzation
Cause I glamorize a God that makes a man deny Satan
Say I’m blood bought I meant it – that aint just a fly statement
Don’t look at me like you don’t see the picture that I’m painting
You got eyes – you got ears
You aint blind – you can hear

Chances R:
Get them hands up in the air
Leave them there for just a moment
But the moment aint mine though
Got to remain mindful of Hebrews 5:4
Yes! I’ll follow
Every morning I’m at the feet of my high priest
Throwing prayers up
Yup! Our God’s great
We were living in New Jersey that garden state
Christ was the means to get us back on his team
Check second Samuel fourteen fourteen
Instead of forsaken I was forgiven
Fortunately God aint stick a fork in him
I deserve a pitchfork for the things I thought
I deserve to be sold out but i’m blood bought
Christ came to reconcile us back to God
And give us a get out of hell free card
And the word says the wages of sin are death
So since I did not pay that debt Hebrew
I’m just going to praise him till his ears go deaf
Or my voice goes hoarse first
I offer my praise up first sort of like Hors d’oeuvre’s
And adhere to my master’s orders
See originally I was like his enemy
A wretched dude before I was rescued
So I guess Lord what I’m trying to say is:

Thank You

 

 

And he answered and said to them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out
Luke 19:40