In logic, the law of identity is the first of the three classical laws of thought. It states that: “each thing is the same with itself and different from another”
Eg. ‘A’ is ‘A’ and not ‘~A’
By this it meant that each thing (be it universal or particular) is composed of its own unique set of characteristics, qualities or features. In ancient Greek this is called it’s essence. Consequently, things that have the same essence are the same thing, while things that have different essences are different things. In it symbolic representation: (A is A), the first element of the proposition represents the subject (thing) and the second element, the predicate (it’s essence) with the copula “is” signifying the relation of identity.
Further, since a definition is an expression of the essence of that thing with which the linguistic term is associated, it follows that it is through its definition that the identity of a thing is established.
E.g “A Lawyer is a person qualified to practice law”
The subject (lawyer) and the predicate (person qualified and authorized to practice law) are declared to be one and the same thing (identical).
Consequently, the Law of Identity prohibits us from rightfully calling anything other than “a person qualified and authorized to practice law” a “lawyer”
God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: “I AM has sent me to you”
“Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!”
God is Eternal
(No beginning & no end)
God is Omniscient
(Having complete or unlimited knowledge)
God is Immutable
(Unchanging; always the same)
Jesus answered, “I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me”
He either is,
or is not,
but the argument that we’re both right while holding opposing views, is just plain nonsense.
Then those who were in the boat worshipped him, saying “truly you are the Son of God”
Then the man said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshipped him
Then they worshipped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy
Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me